Bible Study: Luke Chapter 6



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Welcome back to the Bible Study. As always lets begin in prayer. I strongly suggest to always approach the word in prayer, asking for understanding and for God to reveal his word to you. In doing so it not only puts us in the right state of mind to learn but we are also asking for God’s special blessings of wisdom. Alright so let’s get into the word.

6 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

Luke 6:1 KJV

Before you confuse this with stealing, this custom is allowed. It is actually very specifically mentioned in Deuteronomy.

25 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbour’s standing corn.

Deuteronomy 23:25 KJV

This is not a license to just take anything you want from someone. Do not use it that way.

And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

Luke 6:2 KJV

Once again we have the Pharisees just looking to cause trouble. They considered the rubbing of the corn to be working on the sabbath. Are you starting to get the picture that they are busybodies. I am sure you have met a few in your life. They simply exist to cause others issues. They look to see if your breaking the slightest rule so they can go off on you. If you work retail you know the Karen Meme. Whoever that first lady named Karen was we cannot be sure, but the fact is the name has been associated with rude busybody customers forever now. The Pharisees are Karen’s.

(No offense toward anyone actually named Karen. Please don’t call my manager.)

And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;

Luke 6:3 KJV

Jesus is referencing 1 Samuel Chapter 21. So let’s get a good look at this.

21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?

And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.

Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.

And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.

So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

1 Samuel 21:1-6 KJV

So David was hungry and asked for bread from a priest and not any bread but hallowed bread.

How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?

Luke 6:4 KJV

Jesus points out this according to the law would have been a poor choice on David’s part. However, Jesus points out they do not hold that view to this action of David. Instead they held the right view that him and his group were starving and for the moment their life was more important than keeping The Law for the sake of the Law itself.

And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

Luke 6:5 KJV

The only one who could claim that would be God’s Christ. Jesus is telling them that he is one with God without coming out and saying it.

And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.

Luke 6:6 KJV

The word withered here is like a plant’s form of withering. It is xēra (ξηρά) which literally means dry. So he had a hand like a dried up plant, all shriveled up. This is a real condition. The muscles in the hand can’t relax so it ends up becoming kind of like a claw. The fingers bend inward and the bones tend to stick out. The tissue around the hand is also thin and you can see the underlying veins as not much adipose tissue is around the joints giving a “withered” look.

And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.

Luke 6:7 KJV

Once again we see the Pharisees being busybodies. Their intention was to find a reason to kill him. Gross right?

But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

Luke 6:8 KJV

Seeing the grim thoughts of their mind, Jesus decides to use the moment to teach a lesson.

Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

Luke 6:9 KJV

Pay close attention to how Christ chooses to lay out his question in a couple of options. Is it ever lawful to do good? The answer is yes of course. Is it ever lawful to do evil? The answer is always no. So if it is only lawful to do good, then naturally one must do good on the sabbath. In allowing someone to suffer who is within your power to help, it is doing evil to them. So to ignore someone’s plight on the sabbath is tantamount to working evil on the sabbath.

10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

Luke 6:10 KJV

Funny, Jesus slights the Pharisees and shows his mastery over creation by simply telling the man to stretch forth his hand. Remember it is curled into a claw because the muscles cannot relax. So in doing so he had the man relax the muscles and his hand was cured. He did no work before the Pharisees. So what they expected didn’t happen.

11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.

Luke 6:11 KJV

Madness here is anoias (ἀνοίας) which means foolishness or folly. They had gone past the point of reasoning is what it is saying here. They had a negative emotional reaction to this. Jesus had successfully tarnished their name and even did so without breaking any Law. Jesus had plundered their righteousness in their eyes and put them to shame. Naturally when people have a visceral reaction they want whatever is forcing them to question themselves to go away.

12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

Luke 6:12 KJV

There is a lesson here, Jesus departed from everyone and went by himself to the mountains to pray. He spent the WHOLE night in prayer. Asking for guidance from God before he chose to make a move.

We too should do this, we should pray and give God the lead in our own lives when making an important choice in life. When we leave the path to God he always has the right road for us. When we step away from God that is when we invite disaster in our lives.

13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;

Luke 6:13 KJV

A disciple is a student. An apostle is a messenger or someone that is sent on a mission. Among them were more than twelve people but out of those that followed Jesus he chose twelve. Keep that min mind. Alright there are some names that need to be cleared up in the next section.

14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,

Luke 6:14 KJV

Bartholomew is also named Nathanael.

15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Luke 6:15 KJV

Levi and Matthew are the same person also.

16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

Luke 6:16 KJV

Judas brother of James is also called Thaddaeus.

17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;

Luke 6:17 KJV

So with the whole gang assembled they go out into the world to begin a new work. Now the word of Christ is spreading and people are coming from all around the country to see him. Christ obliges them and helps those in need.

18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.

19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

Luke 6:18-19 KJV

This is most likely the same sermon that is in Matthew Chapter 5, 6, and 7. The version Luke tells is far shorter. However, Luke chooses to mention portions that Matthew did not. Which means there may have been portions that both omitted.

20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Luke 6:20 KJV

First question I would ask is what is a blessing? The word here is Makarios (Μακάριοι), it means to be happy, an extension of fortune, and well off. So being blessed is in this sense is being given favor from God so that he can benefit us by walking with him.

Now lets look at the meat of this statement. Is it a blessing to be poor? It can be, in what ways though. When we are rich, (and let’s be honest all us American’s are exceedingly rich; in fact most of us in the modern era are outrageously wealthy and we don’t even recognize it,) we tend to view our comforts as someone attributed to our own abilities. We can get into a view where we don’t need God at all because all of our needs are provided for. So in our wealth we take comfort as apposed to having faith.

The Kingdom of God; a thing that has not yet appeared here on earth. However, Christ is promising that through him he will bring it about. Here he is promising a place in the coming Kingdom. Where he sits upon the restored Throne of David. Everyone here was staking their lives on Christs claim to be true.

21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

Luke 6:21 KJV

We have two here. Hungering can be a double meaning here. Hungering for food is the most common reaction but as previously mentioned before Christ said “It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.” I believe both meanings are accurate and fulfilled in that promise.

Weeping and having troubles keep us in prospective. The world is a painful place, and seeing the sin of the world is a hard thing to watch. Especially when we cannot help our loved ones trapped in their sin. We desperately struggle against a losing battle at times. When we are faced with addictions and our own personal weaknesses and falter in the face of them, it destroys us personally. However, here we have a promise that it shall come to an end and that we shall laugh in the end.

22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake.

Luke 6:22 KJV

Many of you fresh Christians will have experienced this. It is funny when we follow Christ how many people will speak ill of you for the mere fact you are a follower. Christian’s are one of the most universally disliked groups of people. Granted there are movements in the Christian community which invite this and tarnish all of our names. But even if we all walked perfectly in the Lord people will come to hate you. People that know you personally will not associate with you. It remains just as true today as it was almost two thousand years ago.

23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

Luke 6:23 KJV

It is true. Our reward awaiting us is great. Eternal life is an unimaginable gift.

Now we are going to read something unique to Luke. The woes, a warning to unbelievers or worse those who believe in vain.

24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.

Luke 6:24 KJV

These woes are directed at those who believe they are rich without God. That they have everything they need and that God provided them nothing. Those who are complete without God. These are the people among them and around they scoff and say that there is no need for Christ.

In a modern sense this remains the same. I want to make it clear this is not an assault against the wealthy in general. This is an assault against those that view themselves in need of nothing.

25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.

Luke 6:25 KJV

You may see a direct reversal here, the blessings above are woes below. If you reverse these you will find a mirroring imagery. If you are rich you will be poor, if you are full you will be hungry, if you are laughing you will be weeping. A reverse. People were laughing at Christ saying that he cannot be the Christ. He is telling them that there is a coming judgement.

I think many of us who did laugh at Christianity find ourselves weeping when we finally see the truth and that we were so blind to the truth. Then we find ourselves hungry spiritually when we thought we were full before. We were full alright, full of ourselves and that is a pretty lonely place to be.

26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

Luke 6:26 KJV

Once again, Jesus is pointing out a mirror. Instead of being spoken ill of, they are being spoken well of. However, he is attributing them to liars. Funny how he says fathers. It is as if Jesus has something against the fathers of the Pharisees. If you remember John called them vipers. Perhaps Jesus is once again calling them children of the Devil. After all he lumps these fathers in with false prophets.

27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,

Luke 6:27 KJV

Take notes people. If you only love those that love you it is of no benefit to the world. Love your enemies and do good to everyone. That is how we make the world a better place.

28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.

Luke 6:28 KJV

Once again more so showing you need to have a thick skin to be a Christian. It is easy to get caught up in our own emotions. I understand that. As Christian’s though we are called to a higher calling.

29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.

Luke 6:29 KJV

This is not saying we are to allow ourselves to be beat up. This is allowing ourselves to be insulted. The term here smiteth is tuptonti (τύπτοντι) which means to strike, to hit, the beat. We can assume since it is mentioning the cheek it is a slap against the face. This is an insult not a direct conflict of violence. Basically it is saying if someone insults you take it and go on.

The same with the cloak and tunic. Jesus is not saying get robbed and do nothing. He is saying if you are in a situation where someone has taken something from you, not to run to the courts or authorities to have it dealt with. At times it is better to absorb the blow.

Basically while we are to resist evil it is not ours to retaliate. This is not to say if you are robbed that you should not take legal action if it is something major. This is in reference to something that is easily acquired.

I have been robbed a few times in my life. While I did not invite it and I did report it, I did not seek to retaliate against the people who did it. I lost a pair of headphones, and about one hundred and twenty dollars total. Roughly. I hope they found God.

Point being don’t take this as a command to be a wimp and allow yourself to be steam rolled. This is a call to common sense and spiritual guidance. Another thing to note is a cloak and tunic were articles of clothing. Most of the time to stay warm. Normally not of much value to someone. If someone is stealing something for necessity, they may need it more than you.

Likewise most would forgive the poor widowed mother for stealing a loaf of bread for their child. One should never forgive the president stealing donations for the poor. That action requires a true punishment. So temper yourself, make sure that there is a need for a reaction basically.

30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.

Luke 6:30 KJV

This is for those that ask for a loan. If someone needs you to loan them an amount of money or an item of use and you agree to loan it to them, do not bring it up against unless they bring it up to you first. However, that is not to say you loan someone stuff and allow yourself to be robbed from either. So if someone you loaned something to does not return whatever it was that you loaned them don’t loan them anything else until they have returned what is rightfully yours.

31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

Luke 6:31 KJV

It is always good to treat others how you would like to be treated. If you keep that in mind you tend to be more merciful and far far more helpful. Just keep your eyes open and you can be someone’s hero for a day, maybe more.

32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.

Luke 6:32 KJV

This is a very true statement. If you think about it, who does not love the people who love them? It is much harder to love someone who does not even like you.

33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.

Luke 6:33 KJV

Once again, so true. Test yourself, help those that don’t do good. If you do they may wake up to their sin. Be an example to the world. When they ask you why you have helped them, tell them for the Lord.

34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.

Luke 6:34 KJV

Just because someone may seem like they are not trust worthy give them the opportunity to prove themselves as that. Don’t just make assumptions of people. Once they have proven their nature to you take that nature as true. For instance if you loan someone something and do not expect them to return it they may surprise you. When they do, you may find a change in yourself as well.

35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.

Luke 6:35 KJV

We do these things out of love for God. It is also very exposing of our own hearts to do good to those who are unthankful. Not only are we a good witness in those situations but we are also drawn to spiritually grow ourselves. Once we are filled with the love of God nothing can challenge us.

36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Luke 6:36 KJV

I know for some of you, your biological father has not been a good example to you. However, our father in heaven has been nothing but merciful to all of us. Remember to keep your eyes to heaven for a good example.

37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

Luke 6:37 KJV

This is is one of the most misquoted scriptures. This is not to say that we do not use our own common sense. We are being told not to be like a Pharisee and believe yourself above others because you are a Christian. We are to judge the fruits of a person. Just as you would not put your hand on a red hot stove. You judged that to be a bad idea. It is not a license to ignore peoples actions.

If you see a Christian acting out of line with God you better let them know. Just make sure you are not guilty of the same thing. If you find yourself guilty of what you are judging another for then change yourself and get clean. Then help the person with their struggle. It is about mercy and love, not condemnation and hatred.

38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Luke 6:38 KJV

This is a call to courage. God is telling us that he will insure our efforts will be returned to us. This is not a call to recklessness. Don’t give away everything you have and be left needy. Give what you can and maintain your ability to assist others. What benefit are you if you lose your ability to help others? Instead you will end up being the one who needs help.

39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?

Luke 6:39 KJV

This is a false teacher leading someone. Someone without righteousness will lead others astray as they are.

40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

Luke 6:40 KJV

This is a personal choice. Whatever we value will ultimately become who we are. So if you value and worship Christ you will be like Christ because that is what you value. If you worship and value material things you will become materialistic. If you worship a false god… you will become like that god. Choose the better path, choose the right and true master, choose God.

41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.

Luke 6:41-42 KJV

This goes back to when judging others, make sure you are not guilty of the same judgment.

43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

Luke 6:43-44 KJV

See it is calling to judge someone by their fruits. This also likewise is more or less in reference to other Christians. We cannot hold non-Christians to the same standard as a Christian. They don’t follow the same moral law as us. We cannot expect them to understand and walk the same path as us. By this also we can see if someone bares the fruit of a Christian. If they appear secular in nature, most likely someone is secular in nature.

45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

Luke 6:45 KJV

Treasure here is works. A good person does good works and evil person does evil works.

46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

Luke 6:46 KJV

Not everyone who claims that mantel we all aspire to actually does it. Just because someone is saying that they are a Christian does not mean they actually are. Basically Jesus is saying “Look out for posers!”

47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:

48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.

49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

Luke 6:47-49 KJV

Make sure you have a strong foundation in Christ and do not take the Lord’s name in vain. I hope you were enriched by these things today. Remember to walk in Christ always. We are all working towards a better world and a greater Kingdom. Let your heart be ruled in good nature. I love you all, take care today.


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