Articles Of Importance, Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Who Was Luke?

I have been doing a Bible Study with a wonderful new group of friends I have made. Over the past few month it has been a real pleasure. I decided to go over the work I have done for the book of Luke and thought I might as well explain Luke a bit better.

We can assume he is a gentile because of a comment written in Colossians 4. Where Paul comments on how there are not many Jews around him. He names Luke specifically as a iaomai or physician. So it is safe to assume he is a doctor.

Luke was not an apostle of Jesus, he joined Paul when in Traos. It is evident from his writings that he is a well traveled man. Most likely because of his work as a physician he has seen many things and places. He would remain with Paul until Paul’s arrest in Philippi. From there we don’t have a clear picture of what happened to Luke. One could assume he carried on with spreading the gospel and being a physician, most likely traveling.

However, they would meet again and reunite with each other in Philippi, and spent a great deal of time there. Several years in fact. He followed along with Paul when he went to Jerusalem. Paul once again is arrested and imprisoned. Luke of course carries on with his work. He shows up again when Paul is eventually released and heads to Rome.

Luke would finally be caught up in things and be imprisoned in Rome. We are not sure when he wrote the book of Luke. It is clear though that his writings were cherished. Our dearly beloved physician is very much loved. We can thank Christ for preserving his work even today. It is ever so a blessing in this day.

Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 10

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We shall start this study with a scandal! Yes, we will, and you are going to think I am nerd for bringing this up. Alright, so what exactly is the issue? Well some of you will immediately come upon it depending on what version of the Bible you are holding. As most of you know I prefer to use a King James version. By the way NASV (New American Standard Version); one of the best translations in my humble and totally bias opinion. So let’s read the first verse.

1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come.

Luke 10:1 KJV

Alright appointed seventy. Oh, yes you in the back? Oh it says seventy two for you. Huh, so which is it? I am sure there is a fair number of you that have seventy written and another number of you that has seventy two. Well that is because of the different translations of the Bible. There are two main camps, the LXX (Septuagint Greek) lists seventytwo and the other texts which list seventy.

Does it matter? I am going to argue it really does not. For those that believe that there is divinity in scripture itself, it may be a problem. However, I believe scripture is a record of events. There can be errors and it does nothing to diminish the events they record.

Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest.

Luke 10:2 KJV

This is Jesus’s way of making a point to these appointed people that they were to be his laborers. That they are being sent in to do works for the Lord.

Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves.

Luke 10:3 KJV

This is also a point that the work is dangerous. There are many that wanted to harm the disciples. After all Herod had beheaded John and most likely had persecuted his disciples. Not only that but Jesus had already become under attack from the religious leaders who no doubt would seek to stone them.

Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way.

And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house.

And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.

And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house.

Luke 10:4-7 KJV

Notice he does not tell them to go from house to house. I believe this was for a few reasons. One it gives the disciple time to speak and give good conversation educating the residents. It also protects them from being noticed.

Overseas Christians must still act in this fashion today. When they enter a building they sometimes have to stay there for days to avoid the government noticing them. It is illegal for them to spread the message of God and to organize to worship. So in similar fashion others bring food to them and take care of them and they share the good news in return.

We very well may be heading into similar times ourselves as westerners. If we are not careful that is.

And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you:

And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.

Luke 10:8-9 KJV

They are to bless those that have received them. It is always important for us Christians to be in a position of power in order to bless others. That is why we are to practice good stewardship and be upright and moral people so that all that come into contact with us may be blessed by us. If we bare not the means to do so then we are of no blessing at all but rather a burden.

Christ is also pointing out to them that the Kingdom of God is fast approaching. So their work is urgent and must be done in haste. The kindness given from a city was witness to whether or not the people among them believed the message. If those that spread the message were treated well, they knew that the people of the city for the most part had accepted and received the message.

10 But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say,

11 Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.

Luke 10:10-11 KJV

Those that rejected the message were not to be fought but rather warned that the Kingdom of God is coming for them too. Although it may not be a blessing for them.

12 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city.

13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

Luke 10:12-13 KJV

These two cities are located near Capernaum, the headquarters for Jesus’s early ministry. The comparison to Sodom is rather striking. Sodom met its end by fire falling from heaven upon it.

24 Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven;

Genesis 19:24 KJV

So these two cities were singled out to have a worse fate than that?

14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than for you.

Luke 10:14 KJV

Tyre was the throne of Lucifer for a while. He ruled as King of Tyre, above the physical Prince of Tyre. So once again the judgement upon that city is less than the judgement facing Chorazin and Bethsaida? Why? What did they do?

Well they had ample opportunity to repent and be the ministry to the world. Instead they rejected God and turned the world on another timeline. Most likely God wanted his message to be spread and go out from there but the people in their free will managed to divert from the blessing they could have had.

I believe God has plans and blessings for all of us. However, we often foil those blessings because we stray from the path God had in store for us. In his love he allows us to walk out of line in our free will. These cities very well may have foiled God’s intended timeline for them.

15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell.

Luke 10:15 KJV

Furthermore we are told that God had exaulted Capernaum to heaven, however because they had failed in their duty, they will be thrust to hell. Hell here is Adou (ᾅδου) otherwise called Hades or the abode of departed spirits. This may be the same as the Jewish concept of Sheol. However, I think this is a specific place among the many places mentioned as part of the afterlife. Likewise heaven is ouranou (οὐρανοῦ) which is heaven proper as in the dimentional kind of heaven and not the sky kind of heaven.

Here is a scary thought. Does this mean everyone in those cities are damned to be forced down to Hades? That there is no more hope for them as they are cursed before the Lord. For if God had more mercy on those in Sodom, who ultimately parished in flames, what does that say for those who resided in those cities?

16 He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.

17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name.

Luke 10:16-17 KJV

So the disciples are given the power to deal with demons and authority over them through Jesus’s name. The Bible makes a great point of this. In our modern era we look at such things as fairy tales and nothing to worry about. However, God very much intended for us to understand these things. You should take the supernatural seriously and recognize a lot of our modern issues may be related to such things.

Do not seek out those who claim to have supernatural powers but rather seek out good Christians who act in the name of the Lord alone. Jesus gives us the power, they hold no powers of their own. All our authority is heaven given from the throne of all authority alone. No angels, no saints, no spirits, nothing other than Christ himself gives us authority.

18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

Luke 10:18 KJV

Christ here is illustrating he holds authority over Satan. This could be at that moment, it could have been in history, or it could have been future, or perhaps I am going to suggest since Christ is a being beyond time itself it could be all of the above.

19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.

Luke 10:19 KJV

Now there are a few ways this scripture can be accepted. One camp takes it most literally. Among that camp are two general sections. One is this was given to the disciples alone for this particular situation. Then the other holds it to be universal of all Christians. You will see weird churches handle poisonous snakes and scorpions because of this verse alone. Ok… well, that is one view. I disagree with both views.

Often times there are scriptures who mentioned scorpions and serpents idiomatically of spirits of one kind or another. I further this with it extending that to “and over all the powers of the enemy:” I do not believe God considers species among his creation enemies. Unless for some reason scorpions and serpents are somehow unintended genetic abominations then they surely are not our enemy.

Our enemy however is told to be a spiritual enemy.

12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

Ephesians 6:12 KJV

So, I am going to advise against mocking yourself by lifting up snakes to the Lord. A serpent is many more things than a snake as well.

20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.

Luke 10:20 KJV

Christ is telling us that the greater blessing is having your name written in heaven.

22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there.

26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

Revelation 21:22-27 KJV

Christ is the Lamb of God. Jesus is telling them that he has placed their names in his book of life. It means it is about an intimate and personal relationship. Christ has to write your name in his book. He has to know you and you have to know him.

21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.

Luke 10:21 KJV

It is important to remember this. The people who were following Christ were not the rich and learned people. They were not the religious experts or even the righteous or noble. They were real people like you and me. Nothing special about them. Humble, and good in spirit and heart. They loved Jesus and he loved them.

22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.

Luke 10:22 KJV

Christ is saying if you want to know God, who you assume you know, look to him. Because Christ is like God and so the Father (God) is like the son Jesus and Jesus is like God. He is telling you he is the same.

23 And he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye see:

24 For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.

Luke 10:23-24 KJV

Basically Christ saying that they are very blessed to have lived in the time that they were living. Sometimes I think we forget too why our times are so great to be living in. Not because of our comforts either but rather that we live in the age of Grace. We shall not be judged to our works but rather our relationship with Christ. The same can not be said for the generations before or the ones to come after.

25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

Luke 10:25 KJV

Make no mistake this lawyer was not being sincere. He was testing Christ.

26 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou?

Luke 10:26 KJV

Instead of being tested Christ reverses this test onto him.

27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.

Luke 10:27-28 KJV

This statement is from Deuteronomy and Leviticus.

And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

Deuteronomy 6:5 KJV

18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord.

Leviticus 19:18 KJV

Jesus attest that he is correct in his answer. However, we all know that we will break this. In order to obtain the right of this one must have kept it always. At no point in your life could you have eternally kept yourself from a moment of not loving your neighbor. Just pointing that out.

29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

Luke 10:29 KJV

See this guy recognized that point already. Who is his neighbor? He is a lawyer, looking for loopholes. This once again to justify himself instead of finding out the truth. You will find the majority of our issue is admitting we have an issue in the first place.

30 And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead.

Luke 10:30 KJV

Fun facts about this road. It is infamously dangerous. Why? Well there is a stretch of the road which rapidly descends. Not only that but it is desert, a desolate path with many dangerous critters. It got the nickname the bloody pass because of the rocky terrain. See the issue is that provided robbers the ability to hide and spring out. It would be impossible to avoid them if they wanted to plunder you. Not to mention the risk of falling off the cliff side.

This parable, was a common occurrence.

31 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

Luke 10:31 KJV

This is not merely because he would have been inconvenienced. Helping someone is a direct danger, one it suggested bandits could be around, two it could have been a bandit pretending to have been injured, and three it most likely was dangerous just to assist the guy.

However, a priest is expected to love others, especially his own people. This most likely is a fellow Jew in the story for reasons I will explain later.

32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.

Luke 10:32 KJV

Once again a priestly assistant and he fails to perform his duty most likely for similar reasons.

33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him,

Luke 10:33 KJV

Ok, you might remember that those two groups did not like each other. This is why I suspect it was a Jew. If he was it gives emphasis to the Samaritan’s compassion because the man’s Jewishness gave him reason to ignore his plight but because of his good heart chose not to.

34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

35 And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee.

Luke 10:34-35 KJV

Basically left an open tab for the guy to insure all his needs were taken care of.

36 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?

Luke 10:36 KJV

Everyone in need is our neighbor. This is the point Christ was making. We are to love everyone regardless of locality to us.

37 And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.

Luke 10:37 KJV

The point of the parable is that the ceremonies of the priests nor the laws or statutes which the two people who passed by the dying man represented, can save a life. It takes another to come and by his credit he is the one who saves. The Samaritan in this parable is Jesus. Not that he was nationally a Samaritan. Jesus was a Jew lets not get our wires crossed but idiomatically he was the Samaritan character in the story.

38 Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house.

Luke 10:38 KJV

The village is Bethany.

39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard his word.

40 But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me.

Luke 10:39-40 KJV

Martha is busy holding to convention. While Mary is breaking convention and instead listening to Christ’s teachings. Martha was a stickler for what the world found important. The majority of the things we hold dear or find to be proper manners is absolutely useless. They are personal trinkets and are not important to God at all. Yet, we invest so much care into them that they bother us when not adhered to.

The majority of arguments people get into are over useless things that really don’t matter the least bit. Yet still they are reason to argue and yell and fight. Now I am not suggesting this is what was happening but Martha is clearly frustrated with the situation.

41 And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things:

42 But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her.

Luke 10:41-42 KJV

The message here is that you should never be so busy in service to God that you forget to listen to his word. This is not a verse to get out of doing the household chores however. Sorry kids, but you still got to do the things around the house. However, this is an important charge to make sure you are listening to God when he is telling you something.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 9

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As always lets begin by praying for wisdom and for God to open up his word to us. Now let’s begin.

1 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases.

The apostles of Christ are now first given their authority over the spiritual realm. I find it interesting that the two are interlinked. Perhaps it is authority over the all creatures. Not sure but the effect was the ability to cast out spirits and to cure diseases.

And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.

The apostles are to travel all of the region. Not only to heal but to preach the kingdom of God.

And he said unto them, Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece.

The reason for this is to represent the urgency in their message. How often do we like to plan and plan and never actually accomplish our own goals for the sake of planning alone. Jesus knew he only had so many days and hours left before he had to complete the greater workings. So there was certainly an urgency. One that the disciples would not discern until later.

And whatsoever house ye enter into, there abide, and thence depart.

And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet for a testimony against them.

And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where.

When he says everywhere he meant it. All of Galilee would see them and hear their preaching. He had a mission for them to complete. I cannot stress this enough. Is Christ calling you to a mission? You better hurry.

Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he was perplexed, because that it was said of some, that John was risen from the dead;

So naturally people went to Herod. People would have been in an uproar. The spiritual leaders and the gentiles. So Herod is like what is this!?

And of some, that Elias had appeared; and of others, that one of the old prophets was risen again.

There is so many people around working miracles that naturally rumors like that would spread. Remember Elijah did not die, he was called up into heaven, like Enoch. So the Jewish people had a tradition of leaving a seat open for him. They still do this today in expectation of his return.

And Herod said, John have I beheaded: but who is this, of whom I hear such things? And he desired to see him.

Herod is now scratching his head, thinking I killed John. Who could this person be? The thing about Christ is he did not really hang around with powerful people. Instead he hung around common folk. So Herod would not really have much information that he could trust. He would certainly not be able to get proper intelligence at this time. So an endless string of rumors is all he has to go on. No doubt frustrating, angering, and probably scaring him.

10 And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done. And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.

So they reported to Jesus what had happened and you would expect them to return to their headquarters in Capernuam. Instead they head to the northeast in Bethsaida. Most likely for some privacy and time to relax.

11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him: and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing.

Now they were known by all of the people in the region and naturally with popularity comes crowds. Privacy is sacrificed on the alter of popularity. Remember that before venturing to take that mantel. You will never be alone again.

12 And when the day began to wear away, then came the twelve, and said unto him, Send the multitude away, that they may go into the towns and country round about, and lodge, and get victuals: for we are here in a desert place.

So the apostles are asking Jesus to send them away. They are tired of all the people. Worse they were not even locals from what it looks like.

13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more but five loaves and two fishes; except we should go and buy meat for all this people.

Now clearly they do not have enough food or money to feed all these people. They are looking at a “multitude” later we find out around five thousand men. That is a lot of people to feed with two fish and five loafs of bread.

14 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by fifties in a company.

Jesus is not bothered by this. The number would be much higher than five thousand as this is only counting the men. So there would have been woman and children among them too. He has them sit down. Obviously with crowds that large you cant hand out food to them orderly. Instead you have to bring it to them.

15 And they did so, and made them all sit down.

So now we have the apostles standing before an ocean of people looking out and most likely recognizing the hopelessness of the situation.

16 Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.

17 And they did eat, and were all filled: and there was taken up of fragments that remained to them twelve baskets.

This demonstrates something to us. Jesus is what will make us sufficiently whole, in everything. You cannot take this any other way than that through miraculous authority Christ is able to feed everyone with next to nothing. Why? Because Jesus is everything.

18 And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am?

Everyone most likely is asking themselves this question, the crowds, the people, the religious leaders, the disciples, even Herod the authorities.

19 They answering said, John the Baptist; but some say, Elias; and others say, that one of the old prophets is risen again.

This is traditionally what the people were expecting. So we see it repeated the same as Herod received.

20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answering said, The Christ of God.

Now Jesus asks his apostles.

21 And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing;

In Luke’s mind he parallels these two events. First the story of the feeding of the people and the story of Peter’s declaration. Now Jesus commands them to tell no one about that. Why? At this time they had a standing army right near them. Five thousand men. If they believed he was the Messiah (the military commander) there would most certainly have been a rebellion. This is not what Jesus came here to accomplish.

22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.

He is informing them of the scope of his true mission now. He also told them about his resurrection but we will find them falter in their faith at his death.

23 And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me.

I believe this is directed for the disciples. Jesus is telling them if you follow me you are going to die, you will suffer, and you will be struggling. Indeed all but John was killed by the hands of the people. John they tried to kill but he was spared death but suffering, he suffered surviving.

Likewise today, you will be hated for being a Christian. The world’s systems are not the ways of God. Granted the community of Christian’s has increased but many of those people are steeped in their tradition and will still abandon you as the world does for telling the truth. Remember that we are to stand strong in Christ and take our comfort in him. It is the only way to withstand the trials set before us.

24 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it.

Here we have the martyrs promise.

25 For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away?

Christ is telling all of us not to live for the pleasures of a comfortable life but rather to walk with him. Now, this is not to say to live an uncomfortable life. There are blessings untold that will befall upon you when following Christ, most great of which will be internal and in your heart. There are times when God will shower you with comforts. Never allow those comforts to slow your walk with the Lord though. Remember to always daily to progress the Kingdom of Heaven.

26 For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels.

The cross was a symbol of guilt and shame in Rome. It was the most dreadful execution system they used. No one would think of it as a good symbol. Christ is saying to bare him and his name and not to be ashamed of his words or his teachings. In fact now that the cross is a good symbol testifies to Christs blessing on the world.

27 But I tell you of a truth, there be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God.

A lot of people use this as a unfulfilled prophecy and thus the bible is wrong or that the Kingdom of heaven is on earth and not spiritual. This is in reference to the transfiguration. Three of the apostles witnessed Christ in his true glory and the kingdom.

28 And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James, and went up into a mountain to pray.

29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering.

Something weird is happening. So we need to really look closely at this and translate stuff out. First, we are told that Jesus took Peter, John, and James onto a mountain (Mount Hermon) to pray. However, we are told that when Jesus prayed THE FASHION OF HIS COUNTENANCE WAS ALTERED! What the heck does that mean?!

So let’s start with that.

En proseuchesthai (ἐν προσεύχεσθαι) En; in/on/at/by/with/while, proseuchesthai; to pray. From that I get “While praying”. Eidos (εἶδος); which means that which is seen/form. Prosōpou (προσώπου); the face or eye. Egenento (ἐγένετο); to come into being, to happen, to become.

So here is what I got so far…

“While praying the form of his face (or eyes) became”

Eteron (ἕτερον); other/different. Imatismos (ἱματισμὸς); clothing. Leukos (λευκὸς); bright/white. Exastraptōn (ἐξαστράπτων); to flash or gleam like lightning, to be radiant. Alright alright, so here is what I ended up with.

“While praying the form of his face (or eyes) became different, and Jesus’s clothing brightened white gleaming like radiant lightning.”

What! That didn’t help at all. It means just what it says though. Jesus apparently transformed into his true form in front of the three. While he prayed. It gets stranger though.

30 And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias:

31 Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.

Now we have Moses and Elijah appear out of nowhere. One of which we know is dead, Moses. So I am going to make a really strange suggestion. We are looking at something extra dimensional happening. You know about length, height, and width, well time is another dimension proven by Einstein’s theory of relativity.

Ok so what I am going to suggest is we are witnessing a turning of some sort that is in a dimension unknown to us. This is why they appeared out of nowhere. Perhaps some sort of folding to allow heaven to shine through. I believe this is what was witnessed when the dove came down from heaven when Jesus was baptized.

This is not a physically impossible thing. We understand due to quantum mechanics that things like this could happen through moving in ways that we don’t completely understand. Granted I am a laymen when it comes to such topics. In no way shape or form am I claiming to understand those fields of science but admittedly neither do they. Most everything is all theoretical at this point.

So in simple terms; we are looking at something supernatural.

32 But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him.

So apparently Jesus was praying so long that night that they fell asleep during his prayer. When they woke up, they saw this! I would imagine that it would not take them long to after being greeted by that.

33 And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing what he said.

This reaction may seem strange, but there is something called the Feast of Tabernacles which most likely he had in mind. Basically think Thanksgiving only it has the coming Kingdom associated with it. So Peter woke up and immediately thought of that. Which suggests it was probably within a reasonable time frame maybe even the eve of.

Funny it mentions he is not knowing what he said. Did he misspeak?

34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud.

So this cloud comes over the group and it overshadows them. As the cloud came over them they feared.

35 And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.

We can assume this is father God. Once again I am suggesting something extra dimensional is happening. God again declares Christ as his son.

36 And when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept it close, and told no man in those days any of those things which they had seen.

Jesus had them keep their little meeting with God, Moses, and Elijah a secret. I can’t imagine how they possibly could do it. I mean considering all that happened how did those three not tell the other nine of it at least. Amazing willpower there. I can keep a secret pretty well too, but that, I am not sure I could have kept that a secret. Which begs the question, did other things happen before them that they kept secret from scripture entirely?

37 And it came to pass, that on the next day, when they were come down from the hill, much people met him.

38 And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child.

39 And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth again, and bruising him hardly departeth from him.

40 And I besought thy disciples to cast him out; and they could not.

So what is happening is a spirit of some kind, maybe a demon, maybe not; is troubling this man’s son. Now it departs and comes back, meaning it is not really seeking embodiment but rather is just tormenting this person. Most likely suggesting some sort of preconditioning in the occult. Not only that but the person foams at the mouth and falls into convulsions when it enters him. Bruising is not as impactful as the word used in the Greek. It is suntribon (συντρῖβον); to break in pieces, to crush; it is more like mauling him.

These disciples attempted to cast out this spirit but failed. Interesting. This spirit isn’t under their authority. So what is the problem?

41 And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? Bring thy son hither.

Jesus says that he is suffering them. So is this spirit being invited on their own accord. Faithless, so these people are without faith. The word for faith is apistos (ἄπιστος); unbelieving. So they had no belief in God or Jesus or the disciples. He is not saying this of his disciples but rather the people dealing with this spirit. Perverse as well. The word perverse is diestrammenē (διεστραμμένη); which means to distort, misinterpret, to corrupt. So we can see that perverse here is something to do with the message given to them. Thus the spirit returns.

They are not following instruction to keep the spirit away. Instead of repenting of whatever it is that they were doing, they continued to practice whatever they did thus allowing the spirit to return. This is something we have lost in the modern era. There is such things as spiritual health, spiritual discipline, and spiritual protection.

Those that practice New Age will understand what I am saying. Things in the physical world can affect the spiritual world and vise versa. This is NO ENDORSEMENT of New Age, that is of the Satan and a cheap counterfeit to what God offers. Through Christ and in Christ we have spiritual protection, health, and discipline.

Let this be a warning to you who seek out Christian’s to exorcise unclean spirits when you fail to close your rites properly. You should not be practicing such things at all and repent of them. This is why the spirits upon return bring others with them. They never go away no matter how many times you banish them. They will always find their way back and each time bring a larger and larger group of spirits with them.

Accept Christ my friend. Allow him to protect you from all forms of evil and curse.

42 And as he was yet a coming, the devil threw him down, and tare him. And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, and delivered him again to his father.

This child was being mauled, thrown down, foaming at the mouth, forced into convulsions and most likely all of which was the father’s fault for not keeping his house. Jesus remedied this easily.

43 And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God. But while they wondered every one at all things which Jesus did, he said unto his disciples,

44 Let these sayings sink down into your ears: for the Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men.

45 But they understood not this saying, and it was hid from them, that they perceived it not: and they feared to ask him of that saying.

You might be wondering how the disciples could have missed what Jesus was telling them. I think I have an explanation for it. Jesus is working all of these miracles and everyone pretty much loves Jesus, well accept for the authorities. However, they would have no power over Jesus. By now they understand who he is. If he wanted to Jesus could destroy these people. If one has the command over all the spirits and all the diseases of the world and can heal, then he can do hideous things with that power too. He could command the demons to besiege, he could command every kind of disease and plague to swallow the nations, he could order the very earth to slaughter for him. If he can mend a wound he could cause wounds as well. How could such a man be taken by the people? This is what marvels them and failed for them to understand fully who he was. After all, this is the son of the same God who flooded the earth.

46 Then there arose a reasoning among them, which of them should be greatest.

47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him,

48 And said unto them, Whosoever shall receive this child in my name receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me receiveth him that sent me: for he that is least among you all, the same shall be great.

You may have heard this term before “One for all and all for one.” Meaning that everyone among them is equal. This is pretty much the same. We are all equally loved and equally as great as one another. No point in proving who is greater in this sense since we are all for each other. Our collectives as Christians makes us all strong. So we should all the best we can be for the rest.

49 And John answered and said, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name; and we forbad him, because he followeth not with us.

50 And Jesus said unto him, Forbid him not: for he that is not against us is for us.

What the issue is here is John came upon someone casting out demons in the name of Jesus. So John not recognizing him thought he should not be doing that because he did not know Jesus personally as they did. In a way he is protecting the reputation of Christ. However, as Christ points out, if someone is not against us then they are for us.

Likewise if someone is not against Christ we should never favor our denomination over another. The order of the Ecclesia has been cut into so many pieces people in fight when we should really be working together. Unity cannot be based on doctrine. We shall always have disagreement.

51 And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he stedfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem,

52 And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

53 And they did not receive him, because his face was as though he would go to Jerusalem.

There is a conflict between these two groups of people. Basically think modern day “Palestinians” and the Jewish people.

54 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did?

Elijah did indeed call down fire from heaven. However these were a hostile people.

10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I be a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.

2 Kings 1:10 KJV

Being Jews James and John also held the same dislike for the Samaritans. It had been done on Israel’s enemies before. So why not now?

55 But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.

56 For the Son of man is not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them. And they went to another village.

Righteousness has a bad habit of turning into pride. If anyone has a question as to what spirit that is, that is the spirit of the devil. Anyone who upsets him he seeks to destroy. The idea of calling fire and brimstone on a people is ridiculous. We as Christians did not come to make war but we are messengers of peace to the world.

If God wanted a hostile take over of the world he does not need our help doing it. Never ever seek to destroy what you can assist and heal. Jesus did not smite the sick to death, he healed them. Likewise we should do the same in the face of rejection. Jesus has plans for those people but in his time.

57 And it came to pass, that, as they went in the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.

58 And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.

Keep this in mind, Jesus is walking to his death right now. He is warning this man that he has no place in this world and following him means that he shall not either. In order to follow Christ that day means he would have to extinguish himself of all the necessities and comforts of life.

59 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.

Once again Jesus is walking to his death.

60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.

This is Jesus telling him that the spiritually dead can bury the physically dead. A Christian knows that a dead body is simply a body without a spirit. It is not that the person who died in Christ is dead, rather they have crossed over so it should not be for our concern; the burial ceremonies. Once again Jesus is walking to his death. His appointment is urgent.

61 And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home at my house.

Once again Jesus is walking to his death. Have I made that point clear? In this moment, nothing was more important than this. All of history was pointing to this time. We all are eternally blessed from the greatest act of love ever displayed.

62 And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.

Jesus is saying he does not have the time to wait. The one objective in life is to get right with him. You cannot be duel minded about it. If you are reading these words and believe but are not assured or worse are not a Christian, I am telling you this. Nothing else in life matters more than you getting right with God. Until you have come into the Holy Spirit with Christ and recognize him as Lord, NOTHING MATTERS! Your job, eating, sleeping, drinking, spend time finding the truth is all you should be doing. Every moment you have, and not a moment less.

I pray this has benefited you. Praise God and blessed be those that go in his name.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 8

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As always I suggest we begin in prayer before approaching the word of God. With God’s blessing of wisdom and guidance let’s begin.

1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him,

And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,

And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.

And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable:

A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it.

And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.

And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it.

And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

Believe it or not we have a Key here for Revelation. When we go over Revelation “He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.” Will be paramount to understanding the structure of the Letters to the Seven Churches.

And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be?

The disciples did not understand the parable. So why not ask?

10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.

11 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.

12 Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.

13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.

Real quick. The soil is the condition of the heart, the fowl of the air are spirits, the seed is the message from God. So when the seed lands on the rocks it has no depth.

14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.

15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.

We have four groups identified. The first are the religious leaders who refused to believe. The second are those who only wanted healing and things from Christ but did not stay in his message. The third are those trapped in their own materialism to allow the message to take hold in their lives and the last group where true committed followers.

16 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.

17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.

18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.

19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press.

20 And it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.

A lot of people like to make this into a thing that these were just fellows of Jesus but not actual biological brothers. Jesus had four half brothers and two half sisters. The perpetual virginity of Mary is not a thing but rather a made up doctrine which does not even serve its own purpose. Regardless of a woman’s virginity there is no merit to worship her or pray to her. If it were the case than all virgin women would be sacred to be for veneration.

21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.

Jesus here is authenticating that he is Christ among them by saying anyone that follows God is his family. Once again he would not be pointing this out if it was not a biological relation he had with these people.

22 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth.

23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy.

These men were professional fisherman. They had been on these waters many many times before. So they have seen storms. I am going to make a very strange suggestion to you. I do not believe this storm was any natural storm. Granted the storms on Galilee have been known to be violent but that is my point. The fisherman would have been well aware of this. Nothing new.

This storm however, put them in jeopardy.

24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.

They were frightened and awoke Jesus telling him they are going to die! Jesus rebukes the wind and waters and they cease. I believe this may have been something supernatural. As if someone wanted them to avoid crossing. So Christ rebuked whatever caused the winds and the waters to stir.

Further proof of this is the waters went calm. This does not happen after a storm. I live on a lake. The waves keep going after the storm has left. It takes some time for things to still. It certainly is not sudden.

25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him.

That would be a little disturbing, that nature itself is commanded by his will. Thank God that everything is under his control.

26 And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee.

This is gentile land. It lays on the eastern shore more or less a countryside. The cities are on the other side of the Galilean lands.

27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs.

So a man possessed by demons who wore no cloths aka naked and roamed in tombs. Possibly eating the dead. He would have been considered a troglodyte.

28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not.

The demon controlling the man calls out to Christ and recognizes his authority. The demons understand who Jesus is. They ask him not to torment them. What a strange reaction. This means they know what their ultimate fate is going to be.

29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)

30 And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him.

These demons, unclean spirits and apparently the devil himself drove this man crazy. He was forced into the wilderness because of their torments and they had him shackled. The people did not do this. They also identify themselves as a legion. A legion is around five thousand soldiers at this time. This means this army of spirits consider itself a legion. All of which dwelt among or within this man.

31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep.

They asked Jesus not to send them into the deep. The deep here is mentioned in Genesis 1.

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

Genesis 1:2 KJV

The deep is also called the Waters, the Sea, the Abousso, the Abyss, Tarterus, or the Bottomless Pit, most likely not Sheol (the grave) or Hades, or Gahenna (Hell), the lake of fire. This is a place where the unclean spirits are held up and most likely the domain that pre existed ours. The world where Lucifer fell from and ruined. Their proper place to await their final judgement.

32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them.

They needed permission to indwell the pigs. I find this odd. Does this mean they require permission to enter us? If so why would God allow demons to possess us? There are rules to this war that God has laid out that are unwritten to us but clearly the spirits take seriously.

It is interesting because there is a law among witches to work greater spells they must first tell you what they want to do. It is as though it is an unwritten law that all things must be announced before they occur. We see God and Jesus doing this, we see angels also doing this, we see demons doing this, we see Satan doing this. It is a very odd thing.

I think the only reason Christ allowed this was to be a lesson for us. So let’s look at this more closely.

33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked.

This is a good opportunity to discuss the powers of darkness. We see several different entities in scriptures. We see demons, we see fallen angels, we see unclean spirits.

Demons always seem to seek embodiment. They lack bodies of their own. However, we know that angels can manifest themselves.

18 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

Genesis 18:1-2 KJV

We see a God appearing in human form with three angels. Physical things. Not only that but in chapter 19 they dine with Abraham showing physical needs or at least the ability to be physical.

35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

2 Kings 19:35 KJV

Not only that but they can engage in combat.

Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

Hebrews 13:2 KJV

They can walk among us and we don’t even realize it. These properties are true of fallen angels like Satan as well. Now lets look at the dead of the giants the Rafaim.

14 They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.

Isaiah 26:14 KJV

Don’t see it. I don’t blame you because it is easy to miss. The hebrew is a little more clear. they are deceased is a terribly poor translation. The word is Refa’im (רְפָאִ֖ים) root word is raphah to sink, it is in reference to shades or ghosts. The deceased is better translated to the dead. Saying they shall not rise means they are cursed. Apparently not able to be resurrected. So where did these things come from? Another name for these things is Nephilim. They are mentioned in Genesis 6:4.

There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

Genesis 6:4 KJV

Don’t see it again? I don’t blame you poor translation again. There were giants, had a proper name. Nephilim (הַנְּפִלִ֞ים), which they translated to giants and indeed they were. Goliath was one of them. However it should read “The Nephilim were on the earth,” Now what made them different. The sons of God “Benei Ha’Elohim” is mentioned of angels. Basically this is saying that the fallen angels forcefully took wives and had children with them. Their children were angel human hybrids. Apparently negating them a proper place as they were not creations of God. When they died they became the demons. So now they seek embodiment.

This is where you get demons from and why they have absolutely no hope at all. Now pigs feeling they had evil in them, drowned themselves to be free of them.

Another note, I believe “the gods” were fallen angels posing as “gods”.

34 When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, and went and told it in the city and in the country.

35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.

36 They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed.

37 Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again.

Now look at how this man react to Jesus.

38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying,

39 Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.

I am sure the man was a great witness for Christ in the region.

40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him.

41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus’ feet, and besought him that he would come into his house:

42 For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him.

Now we see that Jesus was beginning to gain a reputation and people even among the authorities began to recognize him for who he was.

43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any,

Twelve years and twelve years, did this issue begin after she gave birth? Is there a scandal here?

44 Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched.

First think I want you to note is this is a gentile woman. A Jewish woman would be ceremonially unclean and unable to attend.

The word for border here is kraspedou (κρασπέδου), hem or tassel. In the ancient world this was a mark of authority. There was a term “to cut off the hem” was to remove someone’s authority. So by her touching the hem of his garment she was recognizing his authority. We also have the example of David cutting that portion of King Saul’s cloak off which was basically saying his authority was cut without him knowing it.

Strangely non the less her issue was healed by simply touching Jesus’s garment. I have heard some people make an issue of this. They will use this as a defense for the belief in holy items. Basically anything Jesus touched contains holy power. I believe this is a spiritual matter of faith and a granting of healing to make an example to people. Her recognition of Jesus’s authority was what healed her.

45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me?

His question was issued not out of ignorance but he wanted her display of faith to be made public so all could see the miracle that was worked.

46 And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me.

47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately.

48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace.

Can you imagine? She must have been scared. Jesus just stops after you touch his cloak, most likely looks right at you and says, “Who touched me?” After a little bit of Jesus asking she eventually falls before him publicly showing her faith in him at the same time.

Most likely she was expecting herself to be rebuked as she was unclean at the time. Instead Jesus tells her she is faithful and to be of comfort and go in peace. How awesome is that.

49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master.

50 But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole.

So during this incident the child dies. Jairus sends to inform Jesus, however, Jesus does not seem troubled by this at all. Instead, he says that he will make her whole still.

51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden.

Now this is not made very clear in the text but Jairus did display faith in Christ here. He allowed Jesus inside. Remember Jesus was just touched by an unclean woman; which means that Jairus believes Jesus is still clean. So he has faith in his ability to forgive and cleanse.

52 And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth.

53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.

54 And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise.

55 And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat.

How odd, he tells him to feed her meat. It also presupposes Jesus is not a vegetarian as he commands people to eat meat. So eating meat is fine. Sorry my Vegan friends. It isn’t a Christian act to abstain from meat.

I find it odd that reading this, I am not at all shocked by this now. When I was younger and first reading these accounts they shocked me. I now see it and I am like of course he can do that. Don’t lose sight of how miraculous all this is. Even though we know who he is, it is miraculous none the less.

56 And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done.

Everyone else in the room sure was.

Well I hope you enjoyed reading this and you have a good today and an even better tomorrow.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 7

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Welcome back to another Bible Study. Today we will be looking at Luke Chapter 7. As always let us pray for guidance before we begin.

1 Now when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entered into Capernaum.

Luke 7:1 KJV

Now we see the group has left the countryside and has entered into the city of Capernaum. It literally translates to Village of Nahum. Jesus told this city as his headquarters pretty much; a base of operations for the apostles.

And a certain centurion’s servant, who was dear unto him, was sick, and ready to die.

Luke 7:2 KJV

Centurions are Roman officers. Generally they commanded a troop of soldiers. His servant most likely was not a soldier but an actual servant.

And when he heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the Jews, beseeching him that he would come and heal his servant.

Luke 7:3 KJV

I want you to understand how unusual this is. The Jewish people had no love for Rome at all. So a Centurion having elders do anything for them is really strange.

And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this:

Luke 7:4 KJV

Now not only this but these Jewish elders apparently loved the guy. So much so they were in a way telling Jesus that he had to help him. Saying he is worthy is them passing their own judgement and almost in a way commanding Jesus to do this.

For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue.

Luke 7:5 KJV

Now we understand why. This Centurion loved the Jewish people. Maybe even believed in God.

Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof:

Luke 7:6 KJV

Now we have the Jewish elders above fetching Jesus telling him you have to heal this man’s servant. That he is “worthy”; contrast this with his reaction to seeing Jesus out his window. He sent his friend to Jesus to inform him that he was not worthy.

This guy is a very very strange man. This would be like the police chief in town telling a group of Black Lives Matters protesters that he is not worthy of receiving one of their activists. Sorry for the politics but it is the most illustrative image I could imagine. This would never happen.

Roman’s never showed any humility before the Jewish people. This would only serve to foment weakness and give a window of opportunity for him to be taken advantage of.

However, his spiritual discernment was so great that he recognized Jesus as being special. Granted he already loved the Jewish people but no doubt he believed that Jesus was holy in some way. So much so as to not wanting to bother him.

Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.

Luke 7:7 KJV

Once again this man is a pagan who worshiped the Roman gods most likely. Rome held a pantheon of twelve gods. To recognize another peoples god is unusual but to recognize their prophets as well. Is strange.

He held faith in Christ to heal his servant without even touching him. Simply that he say it and it be so.

Faith is not hoping something to be true. Faith is knowing something to be true.

For I also am a man set under authority, having under me soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.

Luke 7:8 KJV

This may be a little hard to see. However, what this man is saying is that he recognizes Jesus’s command and authority. He is saying he understand temporal authority over his soldiers. What he is suggesting is Jesus has command over disease as he has command over his soldiers.

When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.

Luke 7:9 KJV

I want to make a thing of this. This is a rich gentile without any benefit of knowing ANY scripture most likely, maybe a slight thing here and there because of the Jewish people ministering passing words. Certainly nothing greater than a few sayings here and there. After all the Jews did not proselytize. He is a soldier! His job is to kill people at the command of his country.

This person by all respects should be the antithesis to the Jewish people and he is! However, not in the way one would expect. He believed so confidently in Christ that he was confident Jesus could heal his servant at a distance at command alone. Most likely this Centurion is the apex of faith demonstrated in all history.

10 And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick.

Luke 7:10 KJV

Amazing. Absolutely amazing. Even Jesus was marveled at his GENTILE’S faith.

11 And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much people.

Luke 7:11 KJV

This is a city southwest from Capernum. It was roughly twenty-five miles away.

12 Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her.

Luke 7:12 KJV

I want you to note. This woman is now alone in the world. Not only did she lose her husband but now she has lost her only son. Jesus and the group come upon them leaving the city gates as they are carrying out her dead son.

13 And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.

Luke 7:13 KJV

Notice Jesus is referred to as the Lord here. He also tells her not to cry which presumes she was crying, obviously.

14 And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.

Luke 7:14 KJV

Bier is a corpse wagon, I mention this because I did not know myself and had to look it up. I am sure there is a few of you like me reading this. The people pushing the cart stopped. Jesus commands the corpse of this young man to arise. Most likely what we consider today as a teenager. Remember the Jews consider a boy a man at the age of thirteen.

15 And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother.

Luke 7:15 KJV

Somewhere the man heard Jesus’s command and answered to it. He sat up. This means that he was resurrected from the dead. This was no mere parlor trick. I want to break confusion here. So let’s look at a verse in Hebrews.

27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

Hebrews 9:27 KJV

While this is true. There is such thing as resurrection; bringing someone back from the dead. It is within the power of this world that such things can happen. The extension of this is the idea of reincarnation. That is not within the power of this world to occur. Reincarnation is not something that occurs. So resurrection the raising the dead is possible. Reincarnating someone into a new life VIA through a new body and new mother is not possible.

16 And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.

Luke 7:16 KJV

This parallels Elijah, who did the same.

17 And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him.

18 And she said unto Elijah, What have I to do with thee, O thou man of God? art thou come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son?

19 And he said unto her, Give me thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into a loft, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed.

20 And he cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son?

21 And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, I pray thee, let this child’s soul come into him again.

22 And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.

23 And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house, and delivered him unto his mother: and Elijah said, See, thy son liveth.

24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this I know that thou art a man of God, and that the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth.

1 Kings 17:17-24 KJV

As we can see these people were remembering the tale of Elijah so this is why they recognized this was of God and said Jesus was a great prophet. Elijah was revered by all.

17 And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.

Luke 7:17 KJV

Naturally such a miracle would travel fast.

18 And the disciples of John shewed him of all these things.

Luke 7:18 KJV

These are the disciples of John the Baptist. I am not exactly sure when this was exactly but this is when John was in prison for sure. So this is chronologically out of order.

19 And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?

Luke 7:19 KJV

This is John in doubt of what he had believed. He was expecting Christ to be a military hero. However, now he lay in prison and sees no evidence of a coming King. So John in his doubt sent a messenger to Jesus to receive direct word from him.

20 When the men were come unto him, they said, John Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?

21 And in that same hour he cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were blind he gave sight.

Luke 7:20-21 KJV

Jesus was busy working miracles at the time of their approach.

22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.

Luke 7:22 KJV

Basically he tells them tell John what I am doing in the world. This is because anyone can lie. Only one sent from God can work such things in the world. It was his demonstration that would bring John the solace he needed.

23 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.

Luke 7:23 KJV

Offended here is skandalisthē (σκανδαλισθῇ), it means to snare or to cause stumbling. This is Christ saying that do not stumble and stay with him. He is the one John is expecting.

24 And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to speak unto the people concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?

25 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings’ courts.

Luke 7:24-25 KJV

John was not a flashy man nor did he aim to please. All that went out to see him were either believers of his message or went to scoff.

26 But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and much more than a prophet.

27 This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

Luke 7:26-27 KJV

Jesus is referring to some prophecies written of John.

The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

Isaiah 40:3 KJV

John the Baptist was the voice in the wilderness.

1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts.

Malachi 3:1 KJV

Once again this is a testament to John.

28 For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.

Luke 7:28 KJV

Now pay close attention here. Jesus is saying that John is not saved. He is saying that the least in the kingdom of God shall be greater than him. What in the world does that mean? John is under the law. He was the last herald before the age of grace. The age of grace is the time between Christ’s resurrection and his second coming. Salvation is only available between these two periods of time.

Those that are saved under the age of grace have a special position in heaven. They shall be called Kings and Priests. We as Christians are Kings and Priests of the Kingdom of Heaven. Those outside of the Kingdom from what I understand. That is not to say they shall go to hell either. There is far more between heaven and earth than you can imagine.

As you study the New Testament I want you to be sympathetic to the difference between the Christian and those who are outside of this period. There will be times in the future where grace will not be given just as grace was not a thing before Christ.

Use this opportunity afforded to you wisely.
The age of grace is coming to an end.

29 And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.

30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.

31 And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like?

Luke 7:29-31 KJV

So we have a contrast who believed in John’s message, those who were baptized and the religious leaders who rejected God’s messenger.

32 They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.

33 For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.

34 The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!

35 But wisdom is justified of all her children.

Luke 7:32-35 KJV

This is Christ pointing out that they would accept nothing but their own believes and traditions. It is important that tradition be put to death when contradiction of your own ideas comes from God. God has a funny way of surprising everyone. Never be too big for God; cause you’re not.

36 And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee’s house, and sat down to meat.

37 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster box of ointment,

38 And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.

Luke 7:36-38 KJV

Ok this is completely weird to our modern minds. It was customary for roads to be dirty and generally people’s footwear were sandals at the time. When someone would have a dinner party it was customary to have peoples feet washed. They were generally dirty and muddy from traveling. This woman is who would not have been invited into this man’s house. Generally rabbis did not speak with women in public.

She had most likely heard of Jesus at this time and wanted to show her gratitude for Christ. She was a troubled person clearly because she was crying to Christs feet and washing him in her tears. This is not something that people normally have command of in that amount.

39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.

Clearly she was known for something in the town.

40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.

This Pharisee is named Simon we see. Not only that but Jesus answers the man’s thoughts.

41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.

42 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?

43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.

I want you to understand how large of debts these are. One pence is roughly one days work. So five hundred is over a years worth of work. So Simon could easily see that five hundred days of work vs fifty days of work clearly which one would the man love more to forgive such debts.

44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.

Not only did this woman wash Christ’s feet where Simon did not which was customary to offer, but she did it with something far more personal than just water alone, but with her very tears.

Now let’s not forget what Jesus has pointed out. The two are debtors to him. They are both sinners before Christ.

45 Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet.

46 My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.

47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.

He pointed to the heart of a person. She loved him greatly, however Simon a “righteous” man loved little. Therefore the sins of the woman are forgiven because her heart was right but Simon isn’t because his heart is not right.

This is also a point. I have heard it preached that only men go to heaven. If there is a forgiveness of sins between both men and women then surely women can be saved as well as men.

48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.

49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?

50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

Only God can forgive us our sins. The debt is forgiven regardless of the amount. It is to the heart of the person which God looks at. If one loves God and loves their neighbors and accepts Christ. They shall be saved regardless of their debt.

God is far more interested in the heart of the person.

I hope you enjoyed this Bible Study and it has helped you grow in Christ. Please feel free to leave comments and send questions when you have them. Go in peace and walk with God.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 6

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Welcome back to the Bible Study. As always lets begin in prayer. I strongly suggest to always approach the word in prayer, asking for understanding and for God to reveal his word to you. In doing so it not only puts us in the right state of mind to learn but we are also asking for God’s special blessings of wisdom. Alright so let’s get into the word.

6 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

Luke 6:1 KJV

Before you confuse this with stealing, this custom is allowed. It is actually very specifically mentioned in Deuteronomy.

25 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbour’s standing corn.

Deuteronomy 23:25 KJV

This is not a license to just take anything you want from someone. Do not use it that way.

And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

Luke 6:2 KJV

Once again we have the Pharisees just looking to cause trouble. They considered the rubbing of the corn to be working on the sabbath. Are you starting to get the picture that they are busybodies. I am sure you have met a few in your life. They simply exist to cause others issues. They look to see if your breaking the slightest rule so they can go off on you. If you work retail you know the Karen Meme. Whoever that first lady named Karen was we cannot be sure, but the fact is the name has been associated with rude busybody customers forever now. The Pharisees are Karen’s.

(No offense toward anyone actually named Karen. Please don’t call my manager.)

And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;

Luke 6:3 KJV

Jesus is referencing 1 Samuel Chapter 21. So let’s get a good look at this.

21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?

And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.

Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.

And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.

So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

1 Samuel 21:1-6 KJV

So David was hungry and asked for bread from a priest and not any bread but hallowed bread.

How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?

Luke 6:4 KJV

Jesus points out this according to the law would have been a poor choice on David’s part. However, Jesus points out they do not hold that view to this action of David. Instead they held the right view that him and his group were starving and for the moment their life was more important than keeping The Law for the sake of the Law itself.

And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

Luke 6:5 KJV

The only one who could claim that would be God’s Christ. Jesus is telling them that he is one with God without coming out and saying it.

And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.

Luke 6:6 KJV

The word withered here is like a plant’s form of withering. It is xēra (ξηρά) which literally means dry. So he had a hand like a dried up plant, all shriveled up. This is a real condition. The muscles in the hand can’t relax so it ends up becoming kind of like a claw. The fingers bend inward and the bones tend to stick out. The tissue around the hand is also thin and you can see the underlying veins as not much adipose tissue is around the joints giving a “withered” look.

And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.

Luke 6:7 KJV

Once again we see the Pharisees being busybodies. Their intention was to find a reason to kill him. Gross right?

But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

Luke 6:8 KJV

Seeing the grim thoughts of their mind, Jesus decides to use the moment to teach a lesson.

Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

Luke 6:9 KJV

Pay close attention to how Christ chooses to lay out his question in a couple of options. Is it ever lawful to do good? The answer is yes of course. Is it ever lawful to do evil? The answer is always no. So if it is only lawful to do good, then naturally one must do good on the sabbath. In allowing someone to suffer who is within your power to help, it is doing evil to them. So to ignore someone’s plight on the sabbath is tantamount to working evil on the sabbath.

10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

Luke 6:10 KJV

Funny, Jesus slights the Pharisees and shows his mastery over creation by simply telling the man to stretch forth his hand. Remember it is curled into a claw because the muscles cannot relax. So in doing so he had the man relax the muscles and his hand was cured. He did no work before the Pharisees. So what they expected didn’t happen.

11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.

Luke 6:11 KJV

Madness here is anoias (ἀνοίας) which means foolishness or folly. They had gone past the point of reasoning is what it is saying here. They had a negative emotional reaction to this. Jesus had successfully tarnished their name and even did so without breaking any Law. Jesus had plundered their righteousness in their eyes and put them to shame. Naturally when people have a visceral reaction they want whatever is forcing them to question themselves to go away.

12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

Luke 6:12 KJV

There is a lesson here, Jesus departed from everyone and went by himself to the mountains to pray. He spent the WHOLE night in prayer. Asking for guidance from God before he chose to make a move.

We too should do this, we should pray and give God the lead in our own lives when making an important choice in life. When we leave the path to God he always has the right road for us. When we step away from God that is when we invite disaster in our lives.

13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;

Luke 6:13 KJV

A disciple is a student. An apostle is a messenger or someone that is sent on a mission. Among them were more than twelve people but out of those that followed Jesus he chose twelve. Keep that min mind. Alright there are some names that need to be cleared up in the next section.

14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,

Luke 6:14 KJV

Bartholomew is also named Nathanael.

15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Luke 6:15 KJV

Levi and Matthew are the same person also.

16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

Luke 6:16 KJV

Judas brother of James is also called Thaddaeus.

17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;

Luke 6:17 KJV

So with the whole gang assembled they go out into the world to begin a new work. Now the word of Christ is spreading and people are coming from all around the country to see him. Christ obliges them and helps those in need.

18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.

19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

Luke 6:18-19 KJV

This is most likely the same sermon that is in Matthew Chapter 5, 6, and 7. The version Luke tells is far shorter. However, Luke chooses to mention portions that Matthew did not. Which means there may have been portions that both omitted.

20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Luke 6:20 KJV

First question I would ask is what is a blessing? The word here is Makarios (Μακάριοι), it means to be happy, an extension of fortune, and well off. So being blessed is in this sense is being given favor from God so that he can benefit us by walking with him.

Now lets look at the meat of this statement. Is it a blessing to be poor? It can be, in what ways though. When we are rich, (and let’s be honest all us American’s are exceedingly rich; in fact most of us in the modern era are outrageously wealthy and we don’t even recognize it,) we tend to view our comforts as someone attributed to our own abilities. We can get into a view where we don’t need God at all because all of our needs are provided for. So in our wealth we take comfort as apposed to having faith.

The Kingdom of God; a thing that has not yet appeared here on earth. However, Christ is promising that through him he will bring it about. Here he is promising a place in the coming Kingdom. Where he sits upon the restored Throne of David. Everyone here was staking their lives on Christs claim to be true.

21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

Luke 6:21 KJV

We have two here. Hungering can be a double meaning here. Hungering for food is the most common reaction but as previously mentioned before Christ said “It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.” I believe both meanings are accurate and fulfilled in that promise.

Weeping and having troubles keep us in prospective. The world is a painful place, and seeing the sin of the world is a hard thing to watch. Especially when we cannot help our loved ones trapped in their sin. We desperately struggle against a losing battle at times. When we are faced with addictions and our own personal weaknesses and falter in the face of them, it destroys us personally. However, here we have a promise that it shall come to an end and that we shall laugh in the end.

22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake.

Luke 6:22 KJV

Many of you fresh Christians will have experienced this. It is funny when we follow Christ how many people will speak ill of you for the mere fact you are a follower. Christian’s are one of the most universally disliked groups of people. Granted there are movements in the Christian community which invite this and tarnish all of our names. But even if we all walked perfectly in the Lord people will come to hate you. People that know you personally will not associate with you. It remains just as true today as it was almost two thousand years ago.

23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

Luke 6:23 KJV

It is true. Our reward awaiting us is great. Eternal life is an unimaginable gift.

Now we are going to read something unique to Luke. The woes, a warning to unbelievers or worse those who believe in vain.

24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.

Luke 6:24 KJV

These woes are directed at those who believe they are rich without God. That they have everything they need and that God provided them nothing. Those who are complete without God. These are the people among them and around they scoff and say that there is no need for Christ.

In a modern sense this remains the same. I want to make it clear this is not an assault against the wealthy in general. This is an assault against those that view themselves in need of nothing.

25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.

Luke 6:25 KJV

You may see a direct reversal here, the blessings above are woes below. If you reverse these you will find a mirroring imagery. If you are rich you will be poor, if you are full you will be hungry, if you are laughing you will be weeping. A reverse. People were laughing at Christ saying that he cannot be the Christ. He is telling them that there is a coming judgement.

I think many of us who did laugh at Christianity find ourselves weeping when we finally see the truth and that we were so blind to the truth. Then we find ourselves hungry spiritually when we thought we were full before. We were full alright, full of ourselves and that is a pretty lonely place to be.

26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

Luke 6:26 KJV

Once again, Jesus is pointing out a mirror. Instead of being spoken ill of, they are being spoken well of. However, he is attributing them to liars. Funny how he says fathers. It is as if Jesus has something against the fathers of the Pharisees. If you remember John called them vipers. Perhaps Jesus is once again calling them children of the Devil. After all he lumps these fathers in with false prophets.

27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,

Luke 6:27 KJV

Take notes people. If you only love those that love you it is of no benefit to the world. Love your enemies and do good to everyone. That is how we make the world a better place.

28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.

Luke 6:28 KJV

Once again more so showing you need to have a thick skin to be a Christian. It is easy to get caught up in our own emotions. I understand that. As Christian’s though we are called to a higher calling.

29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.

Luke 6:29 KJV

This is not saying we are to allow ourselves to be beat up. This is allowing ourselves to be insulted. The term here smiteth is tuptonti (τύπτοντι) which means to strike, to hit, the beat. We can assume since it is mentioning the cheek it is a slap against the face. This is an insult not a direct conflict of violence. Basically it is saying if someone insults you take it and go on.

The same with the cloak and tunic. Jesus is not saying get robbed and do nothing. He is saying if you are in a situation where someone has taken something from you, not to run to the courts or authorities to have it dealt with. At times it is better to absorb the blow.

Basically while we are to resist evil it is not ours to retaliate. This is not to say if you are robbed that you should not take legal action if it is something major. This is in reference to something that is easily acquired.

I have been robbed a few times in my life. While I did not invite it and I did report it, I did not seek to retaliate against the people who did it. I lost a pair of headphones, and about one hundred and twenty dollars total. Roughly. I hope they found God.

Point being don’t take this as a command to be a wimp and allow yourself to be steam rolled. This is a call to common sense and spiritual guidance. Another thing to note is a cloak and tunic were articles of clothing. Most of the time to stay warm. Normally not of much value to someone. If someone is stealing something for necessity, they may need it more than you.

Likewise most would forgive the poor widowed mother for stealing a loaf of bread for their child. One should never forgive the president stealing donations for the poor. That action requires a true punishment. So temper yourself, make sure that there is a need for a reaction basically.

30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.

Luke 6:30 KJV

This is for those that ask for a loan. If someone needs you to loan them an amount of money or an item of use and you agree to loan it to them, do not bring it up against unless they bring it up to you first. However, that is not to say you loan someone stuff and allow yourself to be robbed from either. So if someone you loaned something to does not return whatever it was that you loaned them don’t loan them anything else until they have returned what is rightfully yours.

31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

Luke 6:31 KJV

It is always good to treat others how you would like to be treated. If you keep that in mind you tend to be more merciful and far far more helpful. Just keep your eyes open and you can be someone’s hero for a day, maybe more.

32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.

Luke 6:32 KJV

This is a very true statement. If you think about it, who does not love the people who love them? It is much harder to love someone who does not even like you.

33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.

Luke 6:33 KJV

Once again, so true. Test yourself, help those that don’t do good. If you do they may wake up to their sin. Be an example to the world. When they ask you why you have helped them, tell them for the Lord.

34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.

Luke 6:34 KJV

Just because someone may seem like they are not trust worthy give them the opportunity to prove themselves as that. Don’t just make assumptions of people. Once they have proven their nature to you take that nature as true. For instance if you loan someone something and do not expect them to return it they may surprise you. When they do, you may find a change in yourself as well.

35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.

Luke 6:35 KJV

We do these things out of love for God. It is also very exposing of our own hearts to do good to those who are unthankful. Not only are we a good witness in those situations but we are also drawn to spiritually grow ourselves. Once we are filled with the love of God nothing can challenge us.

36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Luke 6:36 KJV

I know for some of you, your biological father has not been a good example to you. However, our father in heaven has been nothing but merciful to all of us. Remember to keep your eyes to heaven for a good example.

37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

Luke 6:37 KJV

This is is one of the most misquoted scriptures. This is not to say that we do not use our own common sense. We are being told not to be like a Pharisee and believe yourself above others because you are a Christian. We are to judge the fruits of a person. Just as you would not put your hand on a red hot stove. You judged that to be a bad idea. It is not a license to ignore peoples actions.

If you see a Christian acting out of line with God you better let them know. Just make sure you are not guilty of the same thing. If you find yourself guilty of what you are judging another for then change yourself and get clean. Then help the person with their struggle. It is about mercy and love, not condemnation and hatred.

38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Luke 6:38 KJV

This is a call to courage. God is telling us that he will insure our efforts will be returned to us. This is not a call to recklessness. Don’t give away everything you have and be left needy. Give what you can and maintain your ability to assist others. What benefit are you if you lose your ability to help others? Instead you will end up being the one who needs help.

39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?

Luke 6:39 KJV

This is a false teacher leading someone. Someone without righteousness will lead others astray as they are.

40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

Luke 6:40 KJV

This is a personal choice. Whatever we value will ultimately become who we are. So if you value and worship Christ you will be like Christ because that is what you value. If you worship and value material things you will become materialistic. If you worship a false god… you will become like that god. Choose the better path, choose the right and true master, choose God.

41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.

Luke 6:41-42 KJV

This goes back to when judging others, make sure you are not guilty of the same judgment.

43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

Luke 6:43-44 KJV

See it is calling to judge someone by their fruits. This also likewise is more or less in reference to other Christians. We cannot hold non-Christians to the same standard as a Christian. They don’t follow the same moral law as us. We cannot expect them to understand and walk the same path as us. By this also we can see if someone bares the fruit of a Christian. If they appear secular in nature, most likely someone is secular in nature.

45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

Luke 6:45 KJV

Treasure here is works. A good person does good works and evil person does evil works.

46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

Luke 6:46 KJV

Not everyone who claims that mantel we all aspire to actually does it. Just because someone is saying that they are a Christian does not mean they actually are. Basically Jesus is saying “Look out for posers!”

47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:

48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.

49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

Luke 6:47-49 KJV

Make sure you have a strong foundation in Christ and do not take the Lord’s name in vain. I hope you were enriched by these things today. Remember to walk in Christ always. We are all working towards a better world and a greater Kingdom. Let your heart be ruled in good nature. I love you all, take care today.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 5

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Welcome back to another Bible Study. Let’s jump right into this one.

1 And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret,

Luke 5:1 KJV

Gennēsaret is part of the western shore of the sea of Galilee. It is a fertile plain and the name literally means a harp. This is because this coast was shaped like a coast.

And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets.

Luke 5:2 KJV

Washing their nets means they had just finished fishing. Most likely this is the morning, as fisherman tended to fish at night when there were more fish to be caught.

And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon’s, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.

Luke 5:3 KJV

So here is the image. Jesus is out just a little from the shore and all the people around the this portion of the lake can hear Jesus ministering to them. He basically turned the ship into a pulpit and the shores were the pews. He was showing that the building is not important, it is the message.

Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net.

Luke 5:4-5 KJV

This is odd because during the day, fish tend to lumber down to the depths of rivers and lakes. So Simon being a professional fisherman would know this. So if the fish were too deep during the night they sure as heck would be too deep during the day.

It is also notable that the word master here is epistata (ἐπιστάτα) which is commander or chief but in even more modern terms it would be like captain. This is giving authority to Christ, regardless of his personal doubts.

And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake.

Luke 5:6 KJV

That is a lot of fish but how many. I mean when we picture a fishing boat its pretty big but let me give you some details as to what the boat would have been like. The boat would have been around 27ft long, 7 and half feet wide. We know this because in 1986 a fishing boat preserved in mud from the same era was discovered. It is safe to assume this boat is much the same.

And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink.

Luke 5:7 KJV

So not only do we have one boat filled but two and they began to sink they were so full. That is about 200 square feet of fish. Imagine a haul like that. It was the haul to end all hauls.

When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken:

Luke 5:8-9 KJV

Any fisherman knows that this was not a natural occurrence and that Jesus was clearly no mortal man. He displayed his command over nature itself thus proving him to be only one thing, God incarnate.

10 And so was also James, and John, the sons of Zebedee, which were partners with Simon. And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men.

Luke 5:10 KJV

This is Jesus calling them to a full time ministry. Jesus is displaying to us once again our ministry is the soul cause for our living. We are to live and serve him.

11 And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.

Luke 5:11 KJV

Let’s look closely at this forsook all. Aphentes panta (ἀφέντες πάντα), to leave alone everything. Meaning their boats full of fish and their gear and even the boats themselves, they left it all behind and instead followed Jesus.

Sometimes in our own personal lives we must leave everything behind and follow Christ. These are things that are holding us back. It can at dreadful times be relatives and friends, ones who are outside of the lord and keep you from walking upright with him. Many alcoholics know this well. It can be the closest people to you who are your worst enemies keeping us in our sinful lives.

Another element at times is our occupations, lets say you have a job that preys on the weak. Or a job that requires you to compromise your morals. You must leave those places.

This however is not to say that you cannot have your own life as well. Not everyone is called to be a minister, likewise not everyone will have the same looking ministry. Your ministry could be in cleaning floors as a janitor. If you do it to the best of your ability and treat it like an art and when people ask you, why do you work so hard at cleaning these floors, you can answer them, because I wanted to tell you about Christ.

Ministry can take many forms. It is not always the conversions of pastor or priest duties.

I personally write fiction. Why? Well, because it brings in people that would otherwise not hear of the bible at all. In doing great secular fiction I hope to draw a few readers to my bible studies. Maybe through the secular I can build a road. I would like nothing more than my readers to find Christ and to heal with him in their life.

12 And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

Luke 5:12 KJV

This man was not just a leprous he was in an advanced stage, hence full of leprosy. In Leviticus chapter 13 we can read a very detailed list of instruction on how to deal with leprosy. I am not going to be quoting the fifty nine verses. Instead I will give a quick explanation.

Leprosy is a skin condition which causes sores and boils to form on the skin, and it looks horrible. It spreads easily as well, and not only does it spread easily but it ultimately kills people.

In dealing with a leper, they are considered ceremonially unclean. Not only that but they are to be isolated from the community entirely. Isaiah uses the condition as a analogy for sin.

Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the Lord, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.

Isaiah 1:4-6 KJV

This is a very well painted image of leprosy. Instead of seeing leprosy as a condition however, they took the analogy literally and leprosy came to be synonymous with sin itself. They went from being ceremonially unclean to being damned in the eyes of the Israeli people. It was brave of this person to go out into public to see Christ. He no doubt was well avoided by people. Looked down upon as committing some kind of filthy sin to deserve him of his sickness.

Make sure you do not fall into that trap. I have seen it preached in the modern church. You will not be sick if you are in the Lord. Do not fall for these pieces written by devils who only wish to sow pride in your heart.

13 And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.

Luke 5:13 KJV

Now Jesus touched a leper. This would make him ceremonially unclean. I have seen atheists use this as a gotcha thing. However, what people are failing to understand is Christ is not a mortal man. He is the one who cleans. He is not a hand but the detergent that cleanses this man of leprosy. He is the source of cleansing itself. So it is not possibly to get him dirty because he is what cleans. I think I emphasized that enough.

14 And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.

Luke 5:14 KJV

Jesus is instructing the man to carry out the cleansing ritual listed in Leviticus 14. Once again its long. However, leprosy is not something that goes away. In scripture there is only a couple examples. Miriam in Numbers 12 and Naaman who we talked about yesterday.

So this would be a sign to the priests because it was always an act of God that healed these people when a prophet was among them. Also I think Jesus had a sense of humor here. He sends this guy who had leprosy to be cleansed by the priests already healed. This is something that would no doubt cause an uproar.

15 But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities.

16 And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.

Luke 5:15-16 KJV

So after hearing of Jesus’s healing powers people flooded him. So many in fact it actually stressed him out. So he did what everyone should do when stressed. Get away from society and people and go pray. This is actually something I cling to. As someone with social issues, I have to be very mindful of how stressed I am. I do as much as I can but this gives permission for that. I am thankful for Christ’s example.

17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.

Luke 5:17 KJV

Luke is pointing out that the religious officials are gathering. Most likely the most venerated of them or at least their eyes. The reason I say this is because Jerusalem was the capitol. It is where the highest priests would be.

Pharisees were very legalistic in nature. They took the law and memorized it not to follow but to wield against others with the pride they held within themselves. Pharisee means to separate. Meaning they were separate and above the unclean. It is and was a satanic doctrine which based the majority of its validity on the Babylonian Talmud. Anyone following such a wicked set of teachings will be cut off from God. Make no mistake about that. The Torah and the Prophets alone are the only valid Jewish traditions.

18 And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him.

19 And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus.

Luke 5:18-19 KJV

This tells you that there was so many people swarming where Jesus was it blocked off any possibly way of entry. He was the original rock star. So this is just as it sounds. Now there is something to understand about houses in this time. Generally they were built on the hill slopes. So the roof of someones house tended to be the balcony of another. So getting onto the roof is not really a difficult ordeal in itself normally.

Carrying a couch with someone laying on it however, would be. Palsy for you folks who don’t play classic 16-bit RPGs, is paralysis. So this man was paralyses in some way. It often results in tremors of the body as well. A very serious condition for the time. It would mean a real struggle for the family to provide for the person.

Their faith was so strong that Jesus could heal the man or the man’s situation was so desperate they went through with this little feat to get into his presence.

20 And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.

Luke 5:20 KJV

I want you to notice Jesus’s reaction upon seeing this. He does not heal the man, not yet at least. He tells him that his sins are forgiven. But why? Because he saw their faith. Jesus is giving us a lesson. He is telling us that forgiveness of sin is by our faith alone in Christ and not anything else. It is also the man’s most dire ailment. What troubles him for a lifetime is far less important than what will trouble him for his eternity.

21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?

Luke 5:21 KJV

Seeing Jesus as a man, the religious leaders among them saw this as a blasphemy because no man can issue the forgiveness of sin. It comes from God alone. They were right in their reasoning, wrong in their own ignorance of who was before them. The seriousness of that is something that is to be punished with DEATH.

16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall be put to death.

Leviticus 24:16 KJV

Watch how Jesus responds to their accusation.

22 But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts?

Luke 5:22 KJV

Luke is making it a point that not only is Jesus able to reason what their suggestion was by their words but he could also perceive the very thoughts in their mind. Another proof of Christ’s God nature.

23 Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and walk?

Luke 5:23 KJV

A direct challenge to these religious leaders own senses. I argue that their hearts were wrong in this. It is much harder to forgive sins than it is for a man to walk. However, in the minds of these ministers they believed the contrary.

24 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thine house.

Luke 5:24 KJV

Before I go off into the weeds a little let’s finish this portion. Jesus commands the man to get to his feet and take up his couch or bed into his own house. Saying such a thing is a ridiculous command. Even if healed the man surely would have suffered from atrophy. His muscles would be absolutely deteriorated and the idea of him lifting his bed or even laboring himself up to his house would be impossible. So Jesus is not just saying stand up, he is not saying move your legs, he is not even telling him just to walk. He is telling him to get up, take his couch and go home. Which means carrying his couch through a massive crowd of people too. Just to get the image clear.

25 And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God.

26 And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.

Luke 5:25-26 KJV

And he does just that. A new and purified man. Do not be confused. The forgiveness of his sins is not what healed this man of his ailments. Some people will use this as a defense that sickness or ailment is the result of personal sin. It is not. The lesson here is that Jesus has power and authority over EVERYTHING. He is King of all creation. Everything bows to his authority, and in him is the forgiveness of sins.

The response of the religious leaders is “We have seen strange things today.” The words strange things is actually paradoxa (παράδοξα); it means contrary to opinion or expectation. It is a troubling kind of word. It bothered them. Maybe forced them to rethink their theological stances. It is important to review old information as new information becomes available in all things we do. Especially in spiritual matters. Christ really smashed a lot of orthodox views.

Now I wanted to talk about the term Son Of Man. It is a word used in Hebrew that means humanity in general. Some people have extrapolated this to mean that Jesus is not claiming to be God. However I believe Jesus uses this term to demonstrate that he is God and man. That he came to us as a perfectly human entity. This is my admitted conjecture on the topic. So I could be wrong but that is my personal view. I believe it was also a slight at the Hebrew leaders who thought him to be Just a man. It was a sarcastic way of saying I am just a man as you say, yet look what I do, can just a man do this? A challenge to their own sensibilities.

27 And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me.

Luke 5:27 KJV

A publican is an official of Rome. Levi’s duty was tax collection but a publican held any number of jobs. We first see him as he was sitting at a toll booth for collecting taxes.

The way Roman’s set up their tax system is a little different. People would bid into becoming a tax collector. The highest bidder was able to receive the charge of turning in the taxes for whatever area they had purchased rights to. The same time they were given an assessed figure and any amount of taxes collected above the amount they could keep for themselves.

This is a pretty good system for the Roman government. Someone is held responsible and they themselves were not bothered by the job. Not only that but someone had to purchase their position. So money on top of money. Good system. However this invited people to tax unfairly.

We are not given where Levi collected taxes from or what exactly he held for tax rights. We can make theories but that is all they are. In any capacity this would make the religious community very angry with him. Who likes the tax man after all? Most likely he would have been kept from worship and serving in any religious capacity. He might as well have been considered a gentile as far as the Hebrew community would be concerned.

So Jesus approaching him and telling him to follow him would have naturally invited negative gossip.

28 And he left all, rose up, and followed him.

Luke 5:28 KJV

This is more than just leaving for a moment. We are given that Levi is leaving behind his charged toll completely and leaving his future with Rome. He would never be allowed to go back to his profession after this. He left everything behind just as Peter did.

29 And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.

Luke 5:29 KJV

Levi most likely used a fair bit of money to put on this dinner. Not only that but he also invited his colleagues to take part. Naturally Levi would have been amazed that Jesus would care for him at all considering how the religious leaders treated him. This was an occasion for celebration in his eyes.

30 But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Luke 5:30 KJV

Now notice, the reaction of the leadership of the synagogue was that they were associating with publicans, and sinners. The fact that they associated publicans in general as sinners shows they had an extreme bias towards them. Not only this but eating an drinking denotes fellowship. This in the minds of the Pharisees and scribes was unacceptable.

I want you to notice that Levi’s company was other publicans alone. This is how isolated he was from the rest of his community. He was absolutely alone other than his fellow colleagues.

31 And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick.

32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

Luke 5:31-32 KJV

Jesus declares him mission statement to these publicans. He makes no distinction of which who was who among them or beyond them. He simply states what he is here to do. I find this interesting because all of us were/are in need of his remedy.

This may have been a call to certain people in that group but surely it is also to those who were outside spreading rumors. However it was not in accusation but rather in a statement of fairness and love.

Now the Pharisees on the other hand would rather all sinners die and be slaughtered and if ever given the hand to do so would have in a heartbeat. They had hearts of wickedness and violence against all they felt were beneath them. Instead of helping others in their righteousness they helped people FOR their “righteousness”. The only time a Pharisee was kind was simply to show how good they were. How generous they could be. Don’t be like a Pharisee, do good for goodness sake alone.

33 And they said unto him, Why do the disciples of John fast often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the Pharisees; but thine eat and drink?

Luke 5:33 KJV

John here is disciples of John the baptists. They make a distinction because the Pharisees rejected the baptism of John as heresy and most likely viewed him rightly slain for his trouble. The Pharisees also had a decree that people had to fast twice a week, Mondays and Thursdays. If you did not then you were not a godly person. They also made it a point to pray really loudly on street corners and in widows houses and made sure they were heard because they were such “righteous” people.

34 And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?

35 But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.

Luke 5:35 KJV

Jesus is making reference to himself being the bridegroom here and the people around him are the children of the bridechamber. He is also giving them a hint that he will be taken away from them by force in fact. Aparthē (ἀπαρθῇ) it means to lift off. It is most often used in terms of forceful action. So this is suggesting of the crucifixion or maybe just the arrest.

Now is Christ calling for us to fast? We are clearly in the days that he has been taken away. Is this a call to fast? I am not entirely sure. I practice fasting personally for COMPLETELY nonspiritual reasons but perhaps I should consider the benefits of fasting for spiritual reasons. If any of you are interested in doing a spiritual fast please first discuss this with your doctor, especially if you have some kind of illness.

36 And he spake also a parable unto them; No man putteth a piece of a new garment upon an old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh a rent, and the piece that was taken out of the new agreeth not with the old.

Luke 5:36 KJV

Clothing today goes through a process to pre-shrink their size. Back in their times they did not do these practices. So when an garment was washed several times it would naturally shrink and wear. Placing a new material onto old garments would cause the old to rip and for them to be unevenly deteriorated.

The old garment is the laws of Moses. What the Jewish leadership is attempting to do at this time is take the old law and by new ordinances make it new. Just like taking old material and putting new material onto it. Instead of making a new garment they would make some hideous patchwork that is not desirable by anyone. Likewise Jesus is telling them that what the Jewish leadership is trying to achieve will not work. Their ordinances are not in line with God and are just ugly.

37 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish.

38 But new wine must be put into new bottles; and both are preserved.

39 No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new: for he saith, The old is better.

Luke 5:37-39 KJV

Once again likewise it is about getting trapped in our old ways instead of becoming enlightened by new information. Christ is among them revealing all the hidden things of God to them and yet they are so stuck in their traditions that they cannot see the forest through the trees. Never allow yourself to be so steeped in expectation that you fail to see what is directly in front of you.

Thank you for reading and I hope you enjoyed this session. Be sure to come back as I will be doing the whole book of Luke by the end of the month. Please have yourself a great today and a better tomorrow.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 4

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This chapter may be slightly inflammatory to modern Christians. I believe the topics talked about in this chapter apply heavily to the modern church and how out of line it has become with God. So, before we proceed I suggest praying for an open mind so that you can see these truths for what they are. This is not a message of going out and tearing down the “system” this is simply pointing out a laceration in the body. We have a wound we need to heal from.

1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

Luke 4:1-2 KJV

A lot of people think not eating for forty days is impossible. This is not the case. You can go very long periods without eating. An obese person can literally go months without eating. There was one case where an obese man lost over 300 pounds by abstaining from eating for about a year. However, for Jesus most likely this would have been a struggle. A person of a healthy weight after forty days of fasting would be seriously in need of nourishment medically.

There are many references to the number forty. Forty years in the desert for the Jews. Moses on the mountain for forty days. Elijah’s flight from Jezebel lasted forty days. Gods warning to Nineveh was that in forty days they would be destroyed. Forty days and nights of judgement on the world, in Genesis. The number forty appears many times, 146 times to be exact. Forty is a symbol of chastisement or humility. God uses it as a fitting way to spur on change in someone. If God put man through such a thing, God for some reason felt the need to experience it himself. Instead however he did the ultimate form. A desert, with no food, for a full forty days alone.

Not only that but the devil himself tempts Jesus the entire time.

And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.

Luke 4:3 KJV

I want to point out Satan’s strategies for temptation here. He is using a carnal desire and need in order to get a hold on Jesus. Now, Jesus performs miracles but not for himself. He does it in service of others. His life was about service. In his struggles and everything he did was a lesson for us to learn from. Breaking his fast would have been a breaking of his trial. He set upon himself that for forty days he would go without food.

And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

Luke 4:4 KJV

Jesus responds with scripture. Showing us that we can find strength in the word of the Lord. Fitting as that is exactly what this verse is about. We need the word of God as much if not more than our need for food. Jesus was preparing a lesson for us. More so making the devil’s actions a service to God. In case you were wondering the verse is from Deuteronomy.

And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord doth man live.

Deuteronomy 8:3 KJV

So, if the word is food, how much more should we study it? After all it is our sword against the devils and their forces.

And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

Luke 4:5 KJV

Here is something that we need to break down. The devil, a fallen angel, took Jesus onto a high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, in a moment of time. What kind of high mountain stands outside of time?

What I am about to suggest may sound preposterous to you at first. Satan took Jesus outside of the reaches of time and perhaps even our world and into the heavenly realms to display the world to him. This was something supernatural. As we know now that time is a physical dimension the only way possible for this to happen would be to go physically beyond time. This means Satan has this ability even in his fallen state.

To further so you understand, Satan shows Jesus all the nations of the world in a single moment. Something supernatural is occurring.

And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.

If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

Luke 4:6-7 KJV

What Satan is claiming here is that he has ownership of the Kingdoms of the world. Not only that but control of their power and furthermore their glory as well. Is this the devil lying? How is it a temptation if you know someone is lying? This should disturb you.

Satan is the god of this world. I will say it again. Satan is the god of this world. I can back this statement with scripture.

In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

2 Corinthians 4:4 KJV

Now you are probably thinking where is Satan here. Notice the word god is a little g and not a big ol capitol G. This is because this god is a lesser god, Satan who currently has right to this world by the power of sin. This rebellion of Satan’s happened sometime in the past, most likely between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2.

Satan has a claim over the world and the people who are in it. This is the whole reason for the need of Jesus. God is reclaiming ownership. My life’s work has been to solve this puzzle. I will continue to figure things out but I want to understand how Satan gained ownership of man through his sin. Somehow Adam and Eve was adopted by Satan when sin entered the world. At the same time sin gave him claim over everything on earth.

So this is not an idle promise. If Jesus would have bowed before Satan, he would have given him everything but of course Satan would be the big G and the true God, YHVH would be the little g.

More so I want to point out, every single time you sin it is an act of worship. It is an act of worshiping Satan. Those who are true Lucifarians understand this and they don’t care how you sin, they just care that you sin. They take pleasure in you worshiping Satan because it makes you lesser. Even more so they delight in Christian’s sinning.

Satan delights in this because we are made in the image of God. So what he sees is God worshiping him. It is very sick and twisted when you can see if for what it is.

And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Luke 4:8 KJV

Once again Jesus goes to scripture.

13 Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

Deuteronomy 6:13 KJV

Which we should indeed too because he is worthy of his worship. There is no more kind and loving being in existence than God. He is our valorous defender, our Father, and creator.

Now if you are familiar with Matthew, you will recognize this is out of order, or Matthew was. None the less these events happened and these are recounting of them.

And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:

Luke 4:9 KJV

So once again we see them move to another location. Perhaps supernaturally. I am going to suggest that but watch what Satan does. He is getting wise to Jesus and knows he knows scripture so what does he do?

10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee:

11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

Luke 4:10-11 KJV

This here is another tool of Satan. To misquote scripture. He employs this tool time and time again. This is how he did it in Eden. If not for Adam’s failure to stick with scripture alone, Eve might not have fell for it. Instead Adam added to what God said. He told her do not even touch it. Satan used that to his advantage. She touched it and was fine. Then by proving Adam wrong he proved God wrong as Adam was witnessing God to her. This is important. Do not add to scripture!

How often do we see wolves standing at the pulpits of our churches preaching a message contrary to God. They carry their bibles and wield them like guns. People however, enjoy those liars who are only in it to line their pockets. They preach prosperity on earth above that of heaven. That God will save you from your recklessness. That we sin every day and you are forgiven regardless of need of repentance. That abortions are good before the Lord. That worshiping angels and other gods is fine. Tolerance for contacting spirits and talking with ghosts (demons). They too will be cut down and cast into the fires as well. Be vigilant against these kinds of people. Do not worship with them or eat with them. Teach them with gentleness but if they refuse to rebuke their false teachings and actions, give them over to their father, Satan. They have no place among the body.

11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.

12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.

Psalm 91:11-12 KJV

This is the proper quotation. Instead Satan skips the part about keeping people in God’s ways. He changes the scripture from being a metaphoric lesson to a physical interaction.

12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

Luke 4:12 KJV

Once again Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy.

16 Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God, as ye tempted him in Massah.

Deuteronomy 6:16 KJV

There is only one time we can tempt God. That is in obedience to him. If we go above and beyond to be in obedience to him he will reward us. He challenges us in this. So do not fear doing the lords work. He will bless you and keep you. Just make sure your doing his work.

13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.

Luke 4:13 KJV

Ultimately Satan gives up. Satan’s weapon of choice is temptation. He prefers this. It is his plan A. His plan B however is violence. Remember this in your own life. When you resist the devil he will send others to do his work for him. Lucky for us we have the big man upstairs looking out for us. If you resist him, he will eventually leave. His demons, and the other devils do the same as well. Although their strategies vary slightly.

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

Luke 4:14-15 KJV

This statement is a bit odd. Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit. The power of the Spirit, is Jesus letting us know through Luke there is a special blessing for those who resist temptation? I think there is some spiritual power gained from doing such things.

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

Luke 4:16 KJV

Notice Luke makes a point of the custom being his. This custom has existed for a long long time that people read on the sabbath but it was Jesus’s custom. So that tells us Jesus was once again preexisted before his birth.

17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

Luke 4:17 KJV

You will notice in scripture this quote is going to be a little different because this is being quoted from the Septuagint bible.

18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

Luke 4:18-19 KJV

The scripture quoted here is from Isaiah 61, verse 1 and part of verse 2. He however does not complete verse 2. Let’s take a look at the whole of these verses first.

1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Isaiah 61:1-2 KJV

Now Jewish scholars at the time recognized this was God speaking of the messiah. Jesus reading these words was his statement to them that he was indeed the messiah.

I want to make a point of what Jesus stopped at the first comma. This was the extent of his mission. The second coming of Christ will be the day of vengeance and he will comfort all that mourn.

And that day is coming shortly.

20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

Luke 4:20-21 KJV

In their churches the minister would sit down. So Jesus taking the seat is him boldly saying he is minister. Jesus then tells them that scripture is fulfilled, that he indeed is the anointed messiah. That the true Jubilee had arrived when all slaves and all debts would be forgiven because our sins would be forgiven.

22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph’s son?

Luke 4:22 KJV

You can imagine people were skeptical. The fact they brought up that he was the son of Joseph means they were saying Mary was not a virgin. That he was not divinely conceived and was not the Christ.

23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

Luke 4:23-24 KJV

We don’t get the privilege of knowing what people were saying. However, clearly they were saying something was wrong with Jesus and they were also asking him to perform miracles before them. The proverb Jesus gives them is like saying, You should fix yourself before you try fixing other people. Basically saying they did not believe Jesus at all unless he performed some miracle before them.

Jesus refuses, he is not some street performer. He has a mission. This goes to Jesus’s credit. He did not perform miracles for the sake of credibility. He did it because a genuine need was to be filled.

25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;

26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

Luke 4:25-26 KJV

Jesus is referring to something that happened in Kings. God shut up the rain. Heaven in this since is the first heaven, the sky. The second heaven is the celestial realm which is space and the third is The Heaven where God dwells. Just making that clear but let’s read the actual thing Jesus is talking about so we are as familiar as they are.

And it came to pass after a while, that the brook dried up, because there had been no rain in the land.

And the word of the Lord came unto him, saying,

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.

10 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman was there gathering of sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.

11 And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand.

12 And she said, As the Lord thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.

13 And Elijah said unto her, Fear not; go and do as thou hast said: but make me thereof a little cake first, and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son.

14 For thus saith the Lord God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth.

15 And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days.

16 And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah.

1 Kings 17:7-16 KJV

So here we have Elijah the prophet being helped by a widow who is taking care of her son. She had little food, so little in fact, she was waiting death. Such a desperate situation to be in. However, Elijah tells her not to fear, and they end up surviving on a little food. It was as if God had duplicated it somehow.

27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

Luke 4:27 KJV

So what is Jesus talking about here? This part is in 2 Kings 5.

5 Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man with his master, and honourable, because by him the Lord had given deliverance unto Syria: he was also a mighty man in valour, but he was a leper.

And the Syrians had gone out by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on Naaman’s wife.

And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord were with the prophet that is in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy.

And one went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that is of the land of Israel.

And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment.

And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have therewith sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy.

And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider, I pray you, and see how he seeketh a quarrel against me.

And it was so, when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.

So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and stood at the door of the house of Elisha.

10 And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean.

11 But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the Lord his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.

12 Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went away in a rage.

13 And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?

14 Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.

15 And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a blessing of thy servant.

16 But he said, As the Lord liveth, before whom I stand, I will receive none. And he urged him to take it; but he refused.

17 And Naaman said, Shall there not then, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules’ burden of earth? for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but unto the Lord.

18 In this thing the Lord pardon thy servant, that when my master goeth into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and he leaneth on my hand, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon: when I bow down myself in the house of Rimmon, the Lord pardon thy servant in this thing.

19 And he said unto him, Go in peace. So he departed from him a little way.

2 Kings 5:1-19 KJV

I apologies for having you read almost another whole chapter. You can see that Naaman the Syrian was healed. However the Jewish people refused to heal him. Granted they were worried of this being a false pretext and out of safety it was done. Elijah though serving God helped him.

28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

Luke 4:28-29 KJV

So what made them so mad? Both people helped in this were gentiles. How could the Messiah side with gentiles! This is Jesus showing that God does everything according to his own will and not the will of what people want God to be. The Jewish community had an image of the Messiah. He would be a warrior coming to slaughter all the gentiles and what gentiles remained would be servant and slave to Israel so that they no longer had to toil. They would rule the world as supreme lords for the sake of their bloodline.

The idea of the gentiles being anything to God other than a people to be conquered was set in their minds. It was impossible. This is why they were angry. God’s plan did not fit into their little box.

More so they wanted to kill Jesus right there. However, Jesus chose not to die that day, as King of creation he ensured it. I have a feeling most in the church today would reject Jesus. For other reasons. It is rather the other way around. Today we would say our actions are justified you paid the price for our sins so it is ok to sin now. Sick sick people. Forgiveness goes beyond words.

30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.

32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

Luke 4:30-32 KJV

His words were with power. I am going to suggest this was against the Pharisees. Astonishment has two meanings. One being something similar to amazement. Another though is to be fearful or in terror. The Pharisees liked to use scripture to keep people in bondage and make themselves look above the rest. In their pride and arrogance they accepted outside scriptures commonly and quoted other people on the same level as the Torah and the prophets. They were spiritually sick.

So when Jesus came in speaking the true word of the Lord people loved it. They were not “Goyim” but loved people of God. Jesus did a lot of work undoing the evil slanderous things the Pharisees did. Instead of bringing glory to God they used his name to intimidate others.

Likewise what people have done to Jesus in a lot of ways. Get out of hell free card or your all going to hell card. Either way it is wrong. Accept Christ as your King and his sacrifice, love God AND repent of your sins. That is the only message the church needs to be giving. If you love God and live as though Christ is your King all other things will fall into place and you will repent of your sins naturally. We do these things out of love not chains.

33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,

Luke 4:33 KJV

So this is possession. Demonic possession. I am going to point out something controversial here. There is a difference between a demon and a devil. This translation is wrong. Devil is diabolos (διάβολος) this is a fallen angel. A demon, daimoniou (δαιμονίου) is an evil spirit. There is not just one devil, The devil is Lucifer or Satan. Other devils are just fallen angels. So what are demons? Demons are the spirits of nephalim. They are angel human hybrids, who posses a different kind of spirit than a human spirit. They suffer the curse of the fallen angels. They are not direct creations of God. These beings once had bodies. However, when they died they were “earthbound” cursed to wander the earth. This is why demons seek embodiment. They no longer have bodies of their own. Most demons are pretty much insane with anger and rage due to their extensive existence.

Once they enter a person they try and act out their desires in through that person. Anyways lets continue.

34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.

Luke 4:34 KJV

The demons recognized who he was. I at first considered that the demons must have been told by Satan about him. However, this cannot be the case because they would have avoided coming across Jesus. Instead they must have a spiritual sight and see exactly who stands before them. None other than the King of creation. They know that Jesus is powerful enough to destroy them. Which gives the question? Why would Satan bother to tempt Jesus? Satan for some reason felt secure enough that Jesus would not just zap him to Tarterus.

Also notice, the man was possessed with one demon, however these ones are plural. That means there is more than one demon in him. This happens when demons are resisted. They gather more demons and gang up on someone.

35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.

Luke 4:35 KJV

I find it interesting that Jesus let the demons go. Instead of destroying them. Then again his time to do war is coming and it was not at this time he would do so.

36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.

Luke 4:36 KJV

This would shock people because up until this point people could not cast out demons without special ritual. Some of which are not of God. I like to point this out to anyone practicing magick, a demon will be your friend for a lifetime if you will be their slave for an eternity. We are not to contact spirits of any kind. We are not seek out ghosts. We are not to go into the waters unknown. The deep is not for a man. Nor are outer rooms or night winds. Stay in Christ, seek only audience with God himself.

37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about.

38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon’s house. And Simon’s wife’s mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her.

39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.

Luke 4:37-39 KJV

I want you to notice how he rebuked the fever. You can’t rebuke blindness. But you can rebuke a fever. Why is that? Well, a fever is nothing more than a bunch of little critters in you causing you to be sick. This would not have been anything anyone would consider at this time. Microbiology is a recent discovery. Yet, it is detailed that Jesus rebuked those little buggers and they left the person. Pay close attention and little details like that will blow your mind.

40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.

Luke 4:40 KJV

He spent the whole day healing people. Not charging them a cent either. Any minister telling you that you need to pay an offering for healing is a scam artist. Healing from heaven is not for sale. It is a free gift given by God alone.

41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.

Luke 4:41 KJV

Once again we see the demons crying out calling him Lord. It is not enough to recognize the King to be saved by him. You must repent of your sins for salvation. Another note. Each time they do this Jesus shuts them up. For some reason he does not want them to proclaim that.

42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place: and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that he should not depart from them.

Luke 4:42 KJV

So basically people were pleading with Jesus that he stay with them after seeing all his miracles and hearing his teachings.

43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent.

44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.

Luke 4:43-44 KJV

Basically Jesus tells them, I know you want me to stay but really I got to go preach the message to the rest of the world. Thank God he did. I bet I would have been one of those people though asking God to stay. Can you imagine having audience with Jesus? I got good news! You do! Christ is with us always and for those of you who is a Christian his Holy Spirit is upon us. Praise the Lord and have a great day, go spread the good news with someone.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 3

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Welcome back to the Bible Study, remember to stay in prayer when reading the Bible and to give praise to God for providing his word and his son. Alright let us begin.

1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,

Luke 3:1 KJV

We are immediately given a time table to look at. At the time of these letters everyone would have known when this time period was. Kind of like if you were to say today during the time of Bill Clinton as president or the time of Trump as President. So, this is for context to put it into a more concrete date it was 29 AD, once again don’t let that bother you. The dates set BC and AD while meaning before Christ and after death, are not exact dates. He was not born and died in the same day. So obviously as a system there is going to be an overlap of dates.

This would make Jesus roughly about 30 years old give or take a few years. Once again we do not have the privileges of the exact dates of his birth.

Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Luke 3:2 KJV

We need to stop here. The Temple has only one high priest. We have a real issue with this line. It is saying that there is two. First is Annas who was deposed of his position by the Roman empire. They installed Caiaphas, in doing so the Jewish people did not accept him as their high priest. This was a point of contention between the Jewish people and the Roman empire.

Now John instead of spending his formative years at the Temple like most priests he spent it out in the wilderness once again mirroring the prophet Elijah.

And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;

Luke 3:3 KJV

Notice that he spent his time in the countryside, not inside the cities. I believe his message was utterly hated by the Temple priests. The concept of a Jew needing to repent of sins was anathema to their sensibilities. After all, all Jews are good regardless of what they do. After all they are God’s chosen people. This was the view of the time by many of the Jewish leaders. It is this attitude that kept them in captivity and outside of God’s favor. However, God in his mercy sent them prophets like John in order to bring them back to him.

I want you to be sensitive to an idea. This location also had significance to Elijah.

1 When the Lord was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal.

Elijah said to Elisha, “Stay here; the Lord has sent me to Bethel.” But Elisha said, “As surely as the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you.” So they went down to Bethel.

2nd Kings 2:1-2 KJV

Bethel is located in the southern countryside of the Jordan. John in a way is picking up where Elijah left off his ministry. He partook in the same experiences as Elijah in preparation for his message. I am not suggesting that John is an incarnation of Elijah.

We have the advantage of hearing baptism as a standard term however, this was not a thing during those times and times previous to this. So let’s look at what this ritual looks like.

So we have submersion in water, a confession of sins and a ritual cleansing of sin, generally Christian’s today do this to represent their “born again” status. So, what historic rituals were similar in the Jewish tradition.

We come upon the Tvilah (טְבִילָה). Now there is two forms of this. One is to wash the hands with a cup. However, the other form is the one that is more interesting to our topic. It is immersion in the Mikveh, which is like a tub of water. This ritual is done for a number of different reasons. The main theme of this however is to make one ritually clean. This is most often observed before Yom Kippur (The Day Of Atonement).

So what we have here in baptism is something similar pointing to a confession of sin being part of the ritual cleansing making the Mikveh less dominant and the confession of sin the more important place. The water being an icon of cleaning.

As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth;

And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

Luke 3:4-5 KJV

This is a quoted prophecy from Isaiah.

3 A voice of one calling:

“In the wilderness prepare

    the way for the Lord;

make straight in the desert

    a highway for our God.

4 Every valley shall be raised up,

    every mountain and hill made low;

the rough ground shall become level,

    the rugged places a plain.

5 And the glory of the Lord will be revealed,

    and all people will see it together.

For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”

Isaiah 40:3-5 KJV

You might notice that there is a slight difference here. This is because Luke was quoting these verses from the Greek Septuagint translation. He most likely did not know Hebrew fluently, however he would have certainly known Greek. This being far more of a familiar language would explain his choice.

Now something to understand is when kings used to travel they would have people go ahead of them and clear the path. It was dangerous for a king to travel hindered due to threat of being harmed or captured and also his time is important. John is preparing the way for the coming King. This would be a familiar concept to the people of this time.

However, John is not talking about a physical path in a physical desert. He is talking about a spiritual path in a spiritual desert. He was preparing people for the message of the Lord. So that they could receive it. An inspiration of self reflection among any that would receive the message.

Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Luke 3:7 KJV

This statement is very harsh. Vipers is a reference to Genesis actually.

14 And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Genesis 3:14-15 KJV

What John is preaching is these people are sons of Satan, not sons of God. Notice that the seeds mentioned are the seed of the woman (Jesus) and the seed of the serpent (Nimrod?). There are two religious systems. The mystery religion which was established at Babylon when they were building the tower of Babel. Which is salvation achieved by one self, and Jesus’s system salvation achieved through God’s mercy alone. You can choose one or the two, you can follow the law and never sin in your entire life. Sure, you can attempt that but I am sure most everyone reading this has sinned at least once in their life up unto this point. You are screwed because the punishment of sin is death.

An impossible standard, one that God recognizes. This is why he sent Christ to the world in the first place. To remove us of our sins so that we can be claimed by God. I am going for that route. It is the only option I have left, and I am sure it is the only option you too have left. Not a single person can claim righteousness. We are all selfish by nature.

Don’t get me wrong, Christianity is not a license to sin. I am going to stress though, it is not about adapting to be like Jesus, it is about allowing Jesus to form it within us. Our very nature will change, we will become a new creature in him. This is what baptism is. This is the message the vipers reject. They claim their righteousness through merit. Prideful, just like their father, Satan.

Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

Luke 3:8-9 KJV

Another strange statement from John. He is telling these people they are imposters and they are not children of Abraham and that their blood line means nothing to God.

Now it would be easy to just assume the stones mentioned are just river stones or whatever rocks were on the ground at this riverbank. Some people suggest that the stones may be the stone monuments mentioned in Joshua.

Take you twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man,

And command ye them, saying, Take you hence out of the midst of Jordan, out of the place where the priests’ feet stood firm, twelve stones, and ye shall carry them over with you, and leave them in the lodging place, where ye shall lodge this night.

Then Joshua called the twelve men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, out of every tribe a man:

And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the Lord your God into the midst of Jordan, and take you up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel:

Joshua 4:2-5 KJV

So they set up monuments to commemorate the crossing of the Jordan with the arc of the Covenant. It seems a little bit like a stretch right.

That this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean ye by these stones?

Then ye shall answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the Lord; when it passed over Jordan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial unto the children of Israel for ever.

Joshua 4:6-7 KJV

The lack of context anticipates you asking the question. What are these stones John mentions. These are a testament to the sons of Israel. How fitting for them to be pointed out to display these are no longer the true sons of Israel but of Satan instead.

10 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?

11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.

Luke 3:10-11 KJV

I want to stop here and point out a heresy that is becoming common with this verse. This is not a support of Socialism. This is a person as an individual seeing a need and filling it with what they are abundant in. John is saying if you have enough for yourself and you see someone in need of what you have enough of, you are to share it. He is not suggesting you go without for someone, nor is he suggesting the government force you to either. He is suggesting it is good to help others. This is attesting to your character as a person. Not the deed in itself. The deed is worthless if it is not self inspired. God wants you to WANT TO do these things, not FORCE you to do them.

12 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?

13 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.

Luke 3:12-13 KJV

This likewise is saying that politicians and public servants are worthy of their work. God is not anti-government. John is saying that they are to collect and to carry out their duties in accordance to the law appointed to them. However, he is saying don’t go beyond your duties, don’t over tax someone and pocket it. Don’t be corrupt. Be upright and serve your office in a goodly fashion.

14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.

Luke 3:14 KJV

Once again God is not anti-soldier or police officer. John is not suggesting to the soldier he should repent of his profession. He is saying not to harm anyone outside of what must be done to serve (in cases of war and defending the land obviously you must fight.), don’t make a false report to solve an issue or crime, and to be content with your wages. Don’t start a rebellion or refuse to do your duty as a soldier due to wanting an increase in the wage you agreed upon when enlisting.

Moreover, all these things apply to every one of us in some form or another. The point is once again, to not adapt to form but to allow these things to form within us.

15 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;

Luke 3:15 KJV

Last chapter I pointed out how the people were naturally spreading rumors. Apparently one of the common rumors was that John was the Christ. This misconception could be forgiven since Jesus had not begun his ministry. However, John being a righteous servant of God, did not allow it to tempt him. He carried out his duties properly without taking a mantel that was not his. His was the mantel of Elijah.

16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:

17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.

18 And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.

Luke 3:16-18 KJV

Now John makes a distinction between his WATER baptism, being a lesser baptism than the baptism of Christ. Christ will come and baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire. This is the Christian baptism, the sprinkling or submersion in water is not a true baptism. John who performed it even tells us that.

19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,

20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

Luke 3:19-20 KJV

John was ultimately imprisoned. These verses are out of order for some reason or another. John never left prison, he was beheaded. Luke for some reason decided to add this detail here before the next portion.

21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,

22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

Luke 3:21-22 KJV

So when Jesus is baptized. “THE HEAVEN” is opened up, this is the third heaven, the dwelling place of God. This was a visible thing, the people here apparently saw all this. Maybe it was just John and Jesus. Out of this opening, the Holy Spirit visibly descends in the form of a dove upon Jesus. A dove is a symbol of peace. A voice came from the opening saying that Jesus was his Son, no doubt God’s voice, and that he was very pleased with him.

23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

Luke 3:23 KJV

Now we are given the genealogy of Jesus.

24 Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph,

25 Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge,

26 Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda,

27 Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri,

28 Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er,

29 Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi,

30 Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim,

31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,

32 Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,

33 Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,

34 Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor,

35 Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala,

36 Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech,

37 Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan,

38 Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

Luke 3:24-38 KJV

Adam is referred to as the son of God because he is a direct creation of God to father. We are all offspring of Adam. So don’t let that confuse you at all.

Well with that, another study finished. We are well on our way into the book of Luke. I hope you all have been enjoying this as much as I have. Have a great day and a better tomorrow.

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Bible Study, Ecclesial Studies, Luke

Bible Study: Luke Chapter 2

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Before we start this chapter I want to give a quick history lesson on the events that have unfolded in Rome at the time. In 44 BC Julius Caesar was assassinated. This caused a time of unrest in Rome and ultimately spelled the beginnings of its doom. A rather large series of wars broke out within Rome. The lower class people began having uprisings and all the twisted snakes within the higher classes had all their own plots and agendas.

The ultimate victor of this series of conflicts is Octavius, Julius Caesar’s nephew. He is given the title of Caesar Augustus. Hailed as the leader of Rome. Thing is, he was left quiet a mess. A need to rebuild, a need to replenish military forces and staggering other loyalty issues to deal with. Just wanted to give a clear view of the current events of the time. It does help formulate a view of the times we are reading about.

2 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.

(And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)

And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

Luke 2:1-3 KJV

First thing I want to establish is the difference between the way we do our census and the way the Roman’s did. While we have some bloke with a clip board show up at our door or receive something in the mail (depending on country) Rome required everyone to specific places (normally the closest city to your hometown) where the census takers were. This required travel. While there they would meet with census takers and then be on their way.

Also Cyrenius is the Greek name of a man named Publius Quirinus. Just in case you wanted to do some research into him.

And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

Luke 2:4 KJV

This is making it clear that Jesus was of the lineage of David which once again was prophesied to be the bloodline that the Lord’s Christ would be born.

To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.

And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.

Luke 2:5-6

We have Mary being close to delivery. If you are easily offended by Holiday information you may want to skip ahead to the next part. If you are not, then here is some interesting information. No Roman census could take place during winter. Mary delivering a child at this time tells you that Jesus was not born on December 25th. Most likely Christ was born sometime in the Spring or Summer.

Now if that bothers you, it should not. Traditions exist for the purposes of celebrating something. Celebrating the birth of Christ is a wonderful thing. We should do this all day, every day. So, don’t make that into a point of contention. The only reason we know about Resurrection Sunday is due to the Hebrew calendar and the fact they were celebrating Pesach (Passover). Otherwise I am sure that as well would not be kept on the exact day.

And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

Luke 2:7 KJV

For those who have issue with Jesus having brothers and sister and for the heretics who suggest that Mary had children before Jesus; Luke makes it very clear that Jesus was her firstborn son. This presupposes she had other children. None of which came before Jesus and all the others came after him. Which is she had other children means, MARY DID NOT DIE A VIRGIN! I know, I just ruffled feathers here. I am sorry but, the truth is the truth. This is what the word says and we must accept it.

I have seen mangers pictured so many different ways. Most likely it was not clean and the reason Mary wrapped Jesus in cloths was to keep him clean. Why is the manger dirty? A manger is a feeding trough. It might have been a wooden one but also what is common is a stone one. Not something very comfortable for a child. Nor does it give any acknowledgement to his royalty.

And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.

Luke 2:7 KJV

We have lost some of the cultural understandings people held with our modern world. It is easy to miss why it is important to bring up the shepherds.

Shepherds were considered unclean by the law of Moses. They could not worship for a great deal of the year at the temple. Most Hebrews held Shepherds as being undesirable and would much rather not associate with them.

They too understood the law of Moses. Having an angel appear before them would cause them terror. One because angels are apparently terrifying and two they were scared of being judged by God. An angel would have no place coming to such filthy people. At least this was the image the people had instilled into them.

10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.

Luke 2:10 KJV

So once again the angel says fear not. Most likely we are dealing with Gabriel here, tradition tends to hold this idea but perhaps not. The angel immediately tells the shepherds that it comes with good news. This would naturally alleviate their fears of a coming judgement on them. Not only good news but good news which shall be to all the people. Essentially telling them to go and spread this news.

11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.

13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Luke 2:11-14 KJV

Not just one angel now, but a whole host of angels. We are not given any idea how large a host of angels is but it is clearly some kind of division. Let’s take a look at the Greek and figure out what a host exactly is. Stratias (στρατιᾶς), an army. So there are many angels, an army of angels. They had been there before they made themselves known and appeared out of nowhere and what do they do? They praise God and announce their good will towards men.

Why would an army of angels being hanging about? I think they had tasks of their own but God decided it best not to allow us to know that information. So pondering it can be fun but once again if it is not in scripture you cannot be sure.

15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.

Luke 2:15 KJV

The imagery here is interesting. Notice there is no directional movement for these angels. They simply went away into heaven. The words here are apēlthon (ἀπῆλθον); which means to go away, to go after. Then we have ouranon (οὐρανὸν), which is an odd word. It means heaven. However it is also the heaven of the sky, the heaven of the stars, and the heaven of the spiritual realms. So this is a non descriptive word here. We only know that the went to one of the heavens, which one I am not sure. I would lean on it being the spiritual heaven since no direction was given.

I imagine the shepherds were just amazed at what was going on. Standing there and left wondering, what is that? After receiving the news they gathered together and all decided to go from the countryside into Bethlehem to find this child King in a manger.

Now I want to make you aware of this, the priests of Israel should have done their duty and been looking for baby Jesus. They had the benefits of prophecy, they also had the benefit of actually having the writings of the prophets. Because of this they did not they were not given the honor. Instead it was given to the low. Which is beautiful. Worldly success is nothing in God’s eyes. Instead the real treasure comes from those who are rich with God.

16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.

17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child.

18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.

Luke 2:16-18 KJV

It should have been the priests announcing this. Not the shepherds. They failed in their duty! How many of us are doing the same. We are given the word and yet still we don’t bother with it? I know there are many opportunities I have squandered and it hurts when I think about it. I had years go by without doing my diligence in the word. If I had studied earlier, I would be years beyond what little I know now. Don’t be like the priests of Israel who missed the birth of Christ.

Now the shepherds went out telling everyone. Now this is not like five guys and a heard of sheep. There would have been a lot of shepherds telling the same story. Since there was an army of angels (messengers). However, they did not just take the angels word for it. They searched first and found Jesus, don’t proclaim anything without first searching it for yourself.

19 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.

Luke 2:19

Mary watched and saw all these things happening, miracle after miracle poured out around her. She ponders them within her heart. Meaning she deeply is being affected by all this. Luke makes it clear that these things are affecting Mary greatly. Not Joseph though. I am sure he was but Luke did not feel it necessary to mention.

20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.

Luke 2:20 KJV

Notice the shepherds are praising God. This is when Jesus was an infant. There are no wise men here. The images of Christ in a manger being visited by the wise men is wrong. Just keep that in mind.

21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Jesus, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord;

23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)

24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.

Luke 2:21-24 KJV

First off we have the naming of Jesus and his bris which we covered last chapter with John. Now purification was a ceremonial practice which could be a study all of it’s own. For the purposes of this particular study we are only going to look at the direct text and the concept behind it.

Now according to the law the firstborn is to be sacrificed to the Lord. Many people twist this and say “That means God wants child sacrificing.” No it points to higher things. God requires a substitute. For most it is a lamb, however for the poor a pair of doves and pigeons is also allowed. This tells us Mary and Joseph were both poor. Now why is sacrificing a substitute so important. Because Jesus is the first born of God. The ultimate sacrifice. He is our eternal substitute since God is the creator of man and God’s first born must be sacrificed, Jesus is before Adam, a new first born. A sacrifice to end all other sacrifices.

25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.

26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord’s Christ.

27 And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law,

28 Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said,

Luke 2:25-28 KJV

The holy spirit is among Simeon as well. In fact he is one of the few priests who were not corrupted at this time.

29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:

Luke 2:29

First thing to point out, this is an extremely weak translation. I am going to re translate it into modern language because it is way more impactful. lettest is actually apolueis (ἀπολύεις) which means to set free or release. Servant is doulon (δοῦλον) which is a bond servant or slave. Depart is apoluó (ἀπόλύω) it is to release, but it is used in regards to prisoners or debtors. So really what he is saying is this: “Lord, now set free your bond servant release me of my debt in peace, according to your word:” What debt is he talking about?

30 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,

Luke 2:30 KJV

He is recognizing that Jesus is the one who will set free man of their debt of sin.

31 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;

32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.

Luke 2:31-32 KJV

He is not just going to free the Jews, but he is going to set free all people, Gentile and Jew alike. Not only that but Christ will bring glory back to Israel. Not the Rothchilds; Israel still needs further restoration. The true throne of David will rise again in God’s timing. Let us pray for the return Kingdom daily. Now remember, Luke is a gentile and he would find it important to make it a point that Jesus came for EVERYONE, not just for Israel.

33 And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him.

Luke 2:33 KJV

I know they understood Jesus was special but I don’t think they truly grasped just how special he was. These words should not be shocking considering he is heir of all things. Still they are marveled.

34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;

35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

Luke 2:34-35 KJV

This is a warning to Mary that troubling times are coming. That while many will be blessed it will reveal the true hearts of people, the mask will be lifted and the true sin nature of people will show. The violence in peoples hearts are a hideous thing when revealed open for all to see. He is warning Mary the Jesus is going to do just that.

36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity;

Luke 2:36 KJV

Another woman in ministry, chosen by God.

37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.

38 And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.

Luke 2:37-38 KJV

She recognized he was Christ as well. I want to make a point of this fasting, is a good thing. It clears the mind and keeps the body healthy. Prayer also clears the soul and keeps the spirit healthy. Both are key functions of human living. You should consider fasting especially for the health benefits.

Why did Luke specifically name these two people? I think it might be because they were the only two who recolonized who Jesus was at the temple.

39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.

40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.

Luke 2:40 KJV

Time passes and Jesus grows up.

41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.

42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.

Luke 2:41-42 KJV

Twelve years old is a very specific number. Thirteen is when a child is consider a man in Hebrew traditions. So he is still a boy.

43 And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it.

44 But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day’s journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance.

45 And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him.

Luke 2:43-45 KJV

You might think they were unfit parents, however this was common at the time. People would travel with their families and towns in large groups so it was often the kid was running around chatting up their uncles and aunts and other people. Stranger danger was not really a thing.

So to their surprise when they could not find Jesus they turned back around and thought we left him behind! Quickly I would imagine they ran back to the city!

46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

Luke 2:46-47 KJV

We see this method used often in the Bible. God asks questions to things he already knows. So likewise Jesus would show the same characteristics. This obviously displayed his complete and total understanding of the Torah and law of Moses.

48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.

49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father’s business?

Luke 2:48-49 KJV

This is Jesus’s first words recorded in the Bible. The real interesting part is that Jesus refers to our heavenly father as “MY FATHER”. No where in the bible is this reference used before this point. He is our father as well especially as Christians we have every right to call God “My Father” because he is my Father.

So we know for a fact Jesus knew his mission here on earth, granted it was at twelve but we know he knew at an early age if not in the womb itself.

50 And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them.

51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.

52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.

Luke 2:50-52 KJV

There we go we have completed Luke Chapter 2. I hope you found this to be a blessing to you. Next study will be finished very soon. Like within the next few hours soon.

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